This map shows projected sea-level rise for different regions of the ocean. The scale bar is in centimeters.
Click on image for full size
Courtesy of NCAR
Sea-level Rise May Pose Greatest Threat to Northeast U.S., Canada
News story originally written on May 27, 2009
Water from the melting Greenland ice sheet may cause sea level to rise more in the North Atlantic than anywhere else. If this happens, cities such as New York, Boston and Halifax may be threatened.
"Major northeastern cities are directly in the path of the greatest rise." says scientist Aixue Hu of the National Center for Atmospheric Research, who led the study.
Melting ice sheets cause sea level rise, as water is added to the ocean. But in this case, changes to ocean circulation may cause additional sea level increase in this region.
Greenland’s melting ice may be causing even more sea level rise in the North Atlantic by changing ocean circulation. The currents could weaken as melting ice adds fresh water to the ocean. Weaker currents could cause the dense layer of cold water that sits in the deep Atlantic to warm. Since warm water takes up more space than cold water, sea level would rise more than in other places if this water warmed.
Today, sea level in the North Atlantic is about 71 centimeters (28 inches) lower than in the North Pacific, which doesn’t have a dense cold layer of water. If ocean currents warmed this water in the Atlantic, sea level could rise quickly and become more like other regions.
To figure out how melting Greenland ice may affect sea level, Hu and his team used a computer model that simulates global climate. With the model, they tested three possibilities for the future.
First, they used to the model to test what would happen if the amount of ice that melts increases each year just as it has over the past few years. They found that this would cause sea level to rise up to 51 centimeters (20 inches) more than global average.
Second, they tested what would happen if the amount of melting Greenland ice continued to increase, but not quite as fast. They found that this would cause sea level to rise about a foot more than global average.
Third, the team tested what would happen with only a very small increase in the amount of melt each year. They found that sea level in northeastern North America wouldn’t rise more than 20 centimeters (8 inches) more than the global average.
Shop Windows to the Universe Science Store!
Our online store
on science education, ranging from evolution
, classroom research
, and the need for science and math literacy
You might also be interested in:
Measuring sea level, the height of the ocean surface, allows scientists to calculate whether sea level is changing over time and how much sea level rise is happening now because of global warming. But...more
For a glacier to develop, the amount of snow that falls must be more than the amount of snow that melts each year. This means that glaciers are only found in places where a large amount of snow falls each...more
The coast of Bangladesh is home to millions of people, however rising sea level caused by global warming is expected to change that. This South Asian country is one of many low coastal areas worldwide...more
The world has several oceans, the Pacific, the Atlantic, the Indian, the Arctic, and the Southern Ocean. While we have different names for them, they are not really separate. There are not walls between...more
Frozen water is found in many different places on Earth. Snow blankets the ground at mid and high latitudes during winter. Sea ice and icebergs float in the chilly waters of polar oceans. Ice shelves fringe...more
Seawater moves through the Atlantic as part of the Global Ocean Conveyor, the regular pattern by which seawater travels the world’s oceans. The water in the Global Ocean Conveyor circulates because of...more
Density is a measure of how much mass is contained in a given unit volume (density = mass/volume). It is usually expressed in kg/m^3. Put simply, if mass is a measure of how much ‘stuff’ there is in an...more