This is an image of the surface of Mars.
Click on image for full size
The uniquely red global surface of Mars is marked by many interesting
features - some like those on the Earth and others
strangely different. The reddish color is caused by rust
(iron oxide) in the soil.
Some of these features are; volcanoes, canyon systems, river beds, cratered
terrain, and dune fields.
Of these features, the most interesting includes the
apparently dead volcano Olympus Mons, which rises 23 km (~75,000 ft)
above the surrounding plains and is the highest known peak in the
Solar System. Valles Marineris is a giant canyon system that runs
about 2,500 miles across the surface of the planet and reaches depths
of 6 km or 4 miles (for comparison, the Grand Canyon is not more
than 1 mile deep).
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The largest volcano in the solar system is Olympus Mons, shown in the image to the left. Olympus Mons is a Martian shield volcano. The altitude of Olympus Mons is three times the altitude of the largest...more
Valles Marineris is a large system of canyons, shown in this image, that stretches 4000 km (2500 mi) along the equator of Mars. It was first imaged in detail by Mariner 9. The scene to the left (centered...more
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