Sandro Botticelli: "Venus and Mars." The painting shows Venus resting
contentedly. Little satyrs honk horns and play about
Mars, as he sleeps.
Click on image for full size
Image courtesy of the Trustees, The National Gallery, London.
Mars, the Roman god of war, was called Ares
in Greece. Because the month
of March was named after him, Romans believed that March was the season of
wars. Juno, the wife of Jupiter
,was the mother of Mars.
Flora, the goddess of flowering and blossoming plants, touched Juno with a magical herb and she became pregnant with Mars. Being the god of war, Mars was often angry and violent.
Mars had two sons, Romulus and Remus. They became the founders of Rome. That is why Mars was considered the ancestor of Romans. He was believed to help Romans in times of crisis.
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