The image above reproduces "The Coyolxauhqui Stone," a giant monolith found at
the Great Temple of Tenochtitlan.
Click on image for full size
Image courtesy of the Museo del Templo Mayor, Mexico.
Coyolxauhqui represents the Moon
in the Aztec mythology. Her name means "Golden Bells." She was slain and dismembered by her brother, the Sun god Huitzilopochtli
because she instigated their other four hundred sisters and brothers to kill their mother, Coatlicue
Coatlicue was magically impregnated with Huitzilopochtli after a ball of white feathers fell from the heavens and touched her breast. Coatlicue's children thought that their mother had disgraced them with her mysterious pregnancy. Huitzilopochtli, born fully clothed in a blue armor from his mother, killed Coyolxauhqui and his other four hundred star sisters and brothers.
Coatlicue regretted such violence. Thus, Huitzilopochtli cut off Coyolxauhqui's head and threw it into the sky to form the Moon, aglow with the golden color of her bells. Huitzilopochtli was also known as the god of war and the chief god of Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital city.
Shop Windows to the Universe Science Store!
Our online store
includes issues of NESTA's quarterly journal, The Earth Scientist
, full of classroom activities on different topics in Earth and space science, ranging from seismology
, rocks and minerals
, and Earth system science
You might also be interested in:
Ahsonnutli was the sky father and chief deity of the Navajo Indians. He created heaven, Earth, and the sky. Each of the four cardinal directions was supported by a giant. Each direction was also associated...more
Amphitrite was one of the fifty Nereids, the attendants of the sea-god Poseidon. Poseidon (Neptune) had fallen in love with Amphitrite after seeing her dancing on the island of Naxos. Amphitrite rejected...more
Aphrodite was the Greek goddess of love and beauty. She was known to the Romans as Venus. There were actually two different Aphrodites, one was the daughter of Uranus, the other the daughter of Zeus and...more
In Greek mythology, Apollo was the son of Jupiter(in Greek Zeus) and Leto (Letona). He was the god of the Sun, logic, and reason, and was also a fine musician and healer. Leto travelled all over Greece...more
According to an ancient Greek legend, the figure of a gigantic crab was placed in the nighttime sky by the goddess Hera to form the constellation Cancer. Hera was the jealous wife of the sky god, Zeus....more
In the Northern Hemisphere sky is the constellation Cepheus, king of Ethiopia, and that of his wife Cassiopeia. Cassiopeia claimed that she and her daughter Andromeda were more beautiful than the sea nymphs,...more
According tho the Navajo mythology, the Milky Way was created by the misbehavior of the mischievous deity, Coyote. When the world was created, the Holy People gathered around Black God to place the stars...more