Greek bronze sculpture depicting the god Poseidon. "Poseidon Soter at Artemisium" (c. 575 B.C.).
The statue was found in the Aegean Sea in 1926.
Click on image for full size
Image courtesy of the National Archaelogical Museum at Athens, Greece. Greek Ministry of Culture-Archaeological Receipt Fund. (c) Greek Ministry of Culture.
Poseidon was the Greek god of the sea and
earthquakes. Poseidon was depicted as a bearded man with long hair, holding
a trident and accompanied by dolphins and fish. He had the reputation for having a very bad temper. The symbol of Poseidon's power was the three pronged spear known as the trident.
The storms and earthquakes were a reflection of his furious rage. When he was angry, he split mountains and threw them into the sea to make islands. Poseidon was the brother of
Zeus and Hades. He married Amphitrite who was one of his attendants, the Nereids. The Greek god Poseidon was known to the Romans by
the name of Neptune.
Poseidon is ever present in the story of Odysseus, the famous Greek hero. On the island of the cyclopes, Odysseus blinded Polyphemus, Poseidon's son. The sea god brought on fierce storms and creatures for revenge, but each time Odysseus survived. After many years, Odysseus planted an oar and made a shrine to Poseidon to appease him.
Shop Windows to the Universe Science Store!
Our online store
includes issues of NESTA's quarterly journal, The Earth Scientist
, full of classroom activities on different topics in Earth and space science, ranging from seismology
, rocks and minerals
, and Earth system science
You might also be interested in:
What types of instructional experiences help K-8 students learn science with understanding? What do science educators teachers, teacher leaders, science specialists, professional development staff, curriculum designers, school administrators need to know to create and support such experiences?...more
In Roman mythology, Jupiter was the king of heaven and Earth and of all the Olympian gods. He was also known as the god of justice. He was named king of the gods in the special meeting that followed his...more
Following the defeat of the Titans by the Jovian gods, Pluto obtained the kingdom of the underworld. One day, while he was riding through the field of battle, the goddess Venus had her companion, Cupid,...more
Neptune was the name that ancient Romans gave to the Greek god of the sea and earthquakes, Poseidon. He was the brother of Jupiter (Zeus) and of Pluto (Hades). After the defeat of their father Saturn (Cronos),...more
The legendary Greek hero Odysseus was the king of Ithaca, a small island off the western coast of Greece. Odysseus was one of the many suitors of the beautiful Helen, the daughter of the king Tyndareus....more
In Greek mythology, Andromeda was the daughter of Cassiopeia and Cepheus, king of Ethiopia. Andromeda's mother claimed that they were more beautiful than the sea nymphs, the Nereids. The Nereids felt insulted...more
Galatea, whose name means "milk-white," was a sea nymph, one of the Nereids, who lived in the sea surrounding the island of Sicily. The one-eyed Cyclops Polyphemus, who lived in Sicily with his flocks...more
Olokun, the sea god of the Yoruba people lives in a palace under the sea with human and fish attendants. His name means "Owner of the sea." Once, Olokun contested the supremacy of the Yoruba sky god Olorun....more