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Picture of Max Planck
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Max Planck

Max Planck was a German physicist who lived between 1858-1947. His theories changed our understanding of atomic processes and started the field of quantum physics, which studies energy inside atoms. Many of Planck's ideas were later used by Einstein when he developed his theory of relativity.

Planck believed that the physical universe exists independently of humans and that we have no control over the laws of nature. He claimed that we can observe and try to understand such laws, but we can't change them.


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Our online store includes issues of NESTA's quarterly journal, The Earth Scientist, full of classroom activities on different topics in Earth and space science, ranging from seismology, rocks and minerals, oceanography, and Earth system science to astronomy!

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Windows to the Universe, a project of the National Earth Science Teachers Association, is sponsored in part by the National Science Foundation and NASA, our Founding Partners (the American Geophysical Union and American Geosciences Institute) as well as through Institutional, Contributing, and Affiliate Partners, individual memberships and generous donors. Thank you for your support! NASA AGU AGI NSF