En Hedu' Anna
En Hedu' Anna lived in Babylon around 2354 B.C. Her father was Sargon who
created the Sargonian Dynasty of Babylon during that time. En Hedu' was the
chief priestess of the Moon Goddess of the city of Babylon. This was an
extremely powerful role, as the priestess was the only person who could name any
new ruler to the city.
Sumeria and Babylon were the first cities to establish
astronomy and mathematics. These disciplines were created and controlled by
the priests and priestesses of the cities. Therefore, En Hedu' was one of the
primary forerunners of astronomy and mathematics.
She, along with other priests, created several observatories inside religious
temples, with which to
view the stars and the moon. Maps were made of these celestial bodies'
movements. In addition, En Hedu' helped create one of the first religious
calendars, which is still used today in certain religions to celebrate Easter,
Passover, and other religious events.
En Hedu' was the first female name to be recorded in technical history.
Shop Windows to the Universe Science Store!
Learn about Earth and space science, and have fun while doing it! The games
section of our online store
includes a climate change card game
and the Traveling Nitrogen game
You might also be interested in:
How did life evolve on Earth? The answer to this question can help us understand our past and prepare for our future. Although evolution provides credible and reliable answers, polls show that many people turn away from science, seeking other explanations with which they are more comfortable....more
Archimedes was a Greek mathematician and engineer who lived between 287-212 B.C. His greatest contributions are in the field of geometry and in the development of war machines. Legend has it that Archimedes...more
Aristotle was a Greek philosopher who lived between 384-322 B.C. He was one of the greatest thinkers of the world and his written works encompassed all major areas of thought. Aristotle mistakenly believed...more
Democritus was a Greek philosopher who lived between 470-380 B.C. He developed the concept of the 'atom', Greek for 'indivisible'. Democritus believed that everything in the universe was made up of atoms,...more
Eratosthenes was a Greek scientist who lived from 276 to 194 B.C. He studied astronomy, geography, and math. Eratosthenes is famous for making the first good measurement of the size of the Earth. He spent...more
Plato was a Greek philosopher who lived between 427-327 B.C. He founded the Academy in Athens, a school which made many important scientific discoveries during ancient times. Although Plato made no important...more
Ptolemy was a Greek astronomer who lived between 85-165 A.D. He put together his own ideas with those of Aristotle and Hipparchus and formed the geocentric theory. This theory states that the Earth was...more
Pythagoras was a Greek philosopher who lived between 580-520 B.C. He founded a school in Croton, which made outstanding contributions to the field of mathematics. Pythagoras and his cult members believed...more