A Photo Album of Inuit Experience
at the Turn of the Last Century

This Inuit woman is carrying her baby on her back, the traditional Inuit way to carry a baby. The hoods of women's parkas were made extra large to fit an infant if needed.

Library of Congress Prints and Photographs, Photograph by Lomen Bros., 1906
inuit children

These three little Inuit girls are each carrying a puppy. Dogs were, and continue to be an important part of Inuit life. For example, dogs provided the energy and strength to move sleds across the snow and ice. These little puppies may have grown up to pull a sled!

Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Photograph by Frank H. Nowell, Nome, 1904

Nine Inuit pose for a photographer in 1913.

Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Photograph by Northern Ventures Ltd., New York, 1913

inuit man

This portrait of an Inuit man wearing a fur jacket with hood was most likely taken at the beginning of the 20th century. Traditional Inuit clothing is made from animal skins. Large thick warm coats with big hoods called parkas are worn as an outer layer.

Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Photograph by Cann Studio, Inc., Fairbanks, Alaska

This family picture was taken about 100 years ago. (It appears that the child in the front does not want his picture taken!)

Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Photograph by Frank E. Kleinschmidt
siberia school Here's the 1897 class picture from the Inuit school in South Head, Siberia.

Library of Congress Prints and Photographs, Photograph by F.D. Fujiwara


build igloo

This picture shows several Inuit constructing an igloo with blocks of snow. Traditionally, Inuit lived in igloos during the coldest months and tent like huts during the warmer months.

Library of Congress Prints and Photographs, Photograph by Frank E. Kleinschmidt

Here are homes of Inuit living in Indian Point, Siberia in 1897.

Library of Congress Prints and Photographs, Photograph by F.D. Fujiwara
This photograph, from around 1899, shows an Inuit summer hut. It is made of animal skins stretched over a frame. Traditionally, Inuit lived in huts like these during the warmer summer months.


Two Inuit women are taking Mrs. Kleinschmidt, the photographer's wife, on a hunting expedition. All three women are wearing traditional dress. The women on the left is in a kayak. The Inuit invented kayaks and used them to hunt for marine life like seals.

Library of Congress Prints and Photographs, Photograph by Frank E. Kleinschmidt

These Alaskan Inuit men are dancers called Kaviagamute. They are performing the Wolf Dance. Today, many Inuit communities continue the tradition of Inuit dancing.

Library of Congress Prints and Photographs, Lomen Bros., photographer, 1914

This man in Alaska is carving ivory, an Inuit tradition.

Library of Congress Prints and Photographs, H.G. Kaiser, Nome, Alaska, 1912

Earth's Polar Regions

Arctic Cultures

Last modified June 5, 2007 by Lisa Gardiner.

You might also be interested in:

Traveling Nitrogen Classroom Activity Kit

Check out our online store - minerals, fossils, books, activities, jewelry, and household items!...more

The Cryosphere

The cryosphere includes the parts of the Earth system where water is in its frozen (solid) form. This includes snow, sea ice, icebergs, ice shelves, glaciers, ice sheets, and permafrost soils. Approximately...more

Arctic Cultures

There are people of different cultures and backgrounds who live in the Arctic region. Read on to learn more about two of these cultures. Inuit The Inuit are the native cultures that continue to live on...more

Inuit Culture, Traditions, and History

Traditional Inuit way of life was influenced by the harsh climate and stark landscapes of the Arctic tundra from beliefs inspired by stories of the aurora to practicalities like homes made of snow. Inuit...more

Exploration of the Poles of the Earth

Polar exploration includes the physical exploration of the Arctic and the Antarctica. The Arctic is the area around the Earth's north pole and includes parts of Canada, Greenland, Russia, the United States...more

The Antarctic Region

What Will You Find There? South of the Antarctic Circle (at 66.5S latitude) you will find the continent of Antarctica surrounded by the Southern Ocean, the geographic South Pole and the magnetic South...more


Antarctica is unique. It is the coldest, windiest, and driest continent on Earth. The land is barren and mostly covered with a thick sheet of ice. Antarctica is almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle...more

The Arctic: Earth's North Polar Region

North of the Arctic Circle (at 66.5N latitude) you will find the Arctic Ocean surrounded by the northernmost parts of the continents of Europe, Asia, and North America. You will find the geographic North...more

Windows to the Universe, a project of the National Earth Science Teachers Association, is sponsored in part is sponsored in part through grants from federal agencies (NASA and NOAA), and partnerships with affiliated organizations, including the American Geophysical Union, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Earth System Information Partnership, the American Meteorological Society, the National Center for Science Education, and TERC. The American Geophysical Union and the American Geosciences Institute are Windows to the Universe Founding Partners. NESTA welcomes new Institutional Affiliates in support of our ongoing programs, as well as collaborations on new projects. Contact NESTA for more information. NASA ESIP NCSE HHMI AGU AGI AMS NOAA