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Science, Evolution, and Creationism, by the National Academies, focuses on teaching evolution in today's classrooms. Check out the other publications in our online store.

When Nature Strikes -- Hurricanes

Hurricanes--also called tropical cyclones or typhoons - are among the world's most dangerous natural hazards. Every year they threaten millions of people in many parts of the world with death and destruction. These huge, powerful, low-pressure systems produce heavy rain, high winds, storm surges, inland flooding, and other damage.

People in the areas affected by hurricanes have known about them for thousands of years, but Europeans first became aware of them when Christopher Columbus experienced one during his final voyage in 1502. Residents living today along the Gulf of Mexico and East Coast are very familiar with hurricanes, as are those in the Caribbean, Hawaii, and Pacific Islands. Tropical cyclones and typhoons impact the shores of the Eastern, Central, and Western Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, Australia, and elsewhere.

"When Nature Strikes - Hurricanes" describes cutting-edge research about forecasting storm paths and intensity, and the historical record of past events. Producing reliable computer models to predict where storms will move and how powerful they will be involves greater abilities to collect vast amounts of data and then developing powerful mathematical equations that use these observations to make images quickly which can aid meteorologists and emergency responders.

"How Well Can Hurricane Tracks and Intensities Be Forecast" classroom activity

"When Nature Strikes"is produced by NBC Learn in partnership withthe National Science Foundation.

Last modified April 27, 2016 by Jennifer Bergman.

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Hurricanes (also known as Tropical Cyclones)

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Examples of Advisories, Watches, and Warnings for Weather Events

Below is a list of some weather conditions that call for an advisory, watch, or warning. Heat Advisory/Warning: A heat advisory is issued when the daytime temperature will be 105F (40.6C) for three hours...more

Altocumulus

Altocumulus clouds (weather symbol - Ac), are made primarily of liquid water and have a thickness of 1 km. They are part of the Middle Cloud group (2000-7000m up). They are grayish-white with one part...more

Altostratus

Altostratus clouds (weather symbol - As) consist of water and some ice crystals. They belong to the Middle Cloud group (2000-7000m up). An altostratus cloud usually covers the whole sky and has a gray...more

Cirrocumulus

Cirrocumulus clouds (weather symbol - Cc) are composed primarily of ice crystals and belong to the High Cloud group (5000-13000m). They are small rounded puffs that usually appear in long rows. Cirrocumulus...more

Cirrostratus

Cirrostratus (weather symbol - Cs) clouds consist almost entirely of ice crystals and belong to the High Cloud (5000-13000m) group. They are sheetlike thin clouds that usually cover the entire sky. The...more

Cirrus

Cirrus (weather symbol - Ci) clouds are the most common of the High Cloud (5000-13000m) group. They are composed entirely of ice and consist of long, thin, wispy streamers. They are commonly known as...more

Windows to the Universe, a project of the National Earth Science Teachers Association, is sponsored in part is sponsored in part through grants from federal agencies (NASA and NOAA), and partnerships with affiliated organizations, including the American Geophysical Union, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Earth System Information Partnership, the American Meteorological Society, the National Center for Science Education, and TERC. The American Geophysical Union and the American Geosciences Institute are Windows to the Universe Founding Partners. NESTA welcomes new Institutional Affiliates in support of our ongoing programs, as well as collaborations on new projects. Contact NESTA for more information. NASA ESIP NCSE HHMI AGU AGI AMS NOAA