Surya Temple at Ranakpur, India.
Click on image for full size
Image courtesy of Corel Corporation
Hinduism is the oldest Indian religion. Hinduism is based on
some antique sacred writings and the assimilation of many different cultures
and religious beliefs from other peoples. The oldest Hindu writing is the
Rig Veda which is a collection of songs and hymns composed over 3,000 years
ago. Many are the gods and goddesses described in the sacred Hindu writings.
In Hindu mythology, Surya represents the Sun god. Surya is depicted as a
red man with three eyes and four arms, riding in a chariot drawn by seven
mares. Surya holds water lilies with two of his hands. With his third hand
he encourages his worshipers whom he blesses with his fourth hand. In India,
Surya is believed to be a benevolent deity capable of healing sick people.
Even today, people place the symbol of the Sun over shops because they think
it would bring good fortune.
When Surya married Sanjna, his wife could not bear the intense light and heat. Therefore, she fled into a forest where she transformed herself
into a mare to prevent Surya from recognizing her. But Surya soon discovered
Sanjna's refuge. He went to the same forest disguised as a horse. Sanjna gave
birth to several children, and eventually reunited with her husband.
the heat and the light of Surya were so intolerable that Sanjna was always
exhausted doing her domestic duties. Finally, Sanjna's father decided to help
her and trimmed Surya's body reducing his brightness by an eighth. Thus, Sanjna could more easily live close to her husband.
Shop Windows to the Universe Science Store!
Our online store
includes issues of NESTA's quarterly journal, The Earth Scientist
, full of classroom activities on different topics in Earth and space science, ranging from seismology
, rocks and minerals
, and Earth system science
You might also be interested in:
Ahsonnutli was the sky father and chief god for the Navajo. He created heaven, Earth, and the sky. Each of the four directions, or cardinal points, are supported by a giant. Each direction is symbolized...more
Amphitrite was one of the sea-nymphs called the Nereids. One day the sea god Poseidon saw her dancing and fell desperately in love with her. He promptly asked her to marry him but unfortunately she refused....more
Aphrodite was the Greek goddess of love and beauty. She was known to the Romans as Venus. To the perfection of her figure and the purity of her features she added an innocent grace. On her sweet face she...more
In Greek mythology, Apollo was the son of Jupiter(in Greek Zeus) and Leto (Letona). He was the god of the Sun, logic, and reason, and was also a fine musician and healer. Leto travelled all over Greece...more
According to an ancient Greek legend, the figure of a gigantic crab was placed in the nighttime sky by the goddess Hera to form the constellation Cancer. Hera swore to kill Heracles, the most famous Greek...more
In the Northern Hemisphere sky is the constellation Cepheus, king of Ethiopia, and that of his wife Cassiopeia. Cassiopeia claimed that she and her daughter Andromeda were more beautiful than the sea nymphs,...more
According to Navajo mythology, the Milky Way was created by the mischievous behavior of the god, Coyote. When the world was created, the Holy People gathered around Black God to place the stars in the...more