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Hands On Mineral Identification helps you to identify over 14,500 minerals! By M. Darby Dyar, Ph.D. See our DVD collection.
This is a drawing of the interior of Io.
NASA

A Comparison of Jupiter and the Earth.

Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system. Jupiter is much larger than Earth, as shown in the picture. Jupiter is a gas giant planet made mostly of hydrogen. The table below provides a comparison of characteristics of Jupiter relative to Earth values.

Characteristic Relative to Earth
(Earth = 1)
Absolute Value
Mass 318

1.8986 x 1027 kg

Radius 11.2 71,492 km
(44,423 miles)
Mean Density 0.240 1.33 g/cm3
Rotation Period 0.415 9 hours 56 min.
Mean Orbital
Distance
5.204 AU 778 x 106 km
(483 x 106 miles)
Orbital Period 11.9 Earth years -----
Orbital eccentricity 2.928 0.489
Inclination to
ecliptic
----- 1.304
Atmospheric
Temperature
----- -148 C to >200 C
(-234 F to >392 F)
Last modified July 22, 2004 by Randy Russell.

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Windows to the Universe, a project of the National Earth Science Teachers Association, is sponsored in part by the National Science Foundation and NASA, our Founding Partners (the American Geophysical Union and American Geosciences Institute) as well as through Institutional, Contributing, and Affiliate Partners, individual memberships and generous donors. Thank you for your support! NASA AGU AGI NSF