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Our Glaciers: Then and Now activity kit helps you see the changes taking place in glaciers around the world. See all our activity kits and classroom activities.
The image is of a seagull, a member of the animal kingdom.
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The Origin of Life on Earth

How did it all begin? Perhaps the most intriguing question we, as human beings, could ever contemplate is that of our own origin.

At least three classes of hypotheses exist attempting to explain the origin of life on Earth. The first, and oldest of these suggest that life was created by a supreme being or spiritual force. These ideas and explanations have been passed down from generation to generation and vary considerably among different cultures and religions. Because theories about creation can neither be proved nor disproved, they lie outside the realm of science and will not be pursued further in these pages. We leave it to each individual to decide for him- or herself.

The second set of hypotheses suggest that life began elsewhere in the universe and "arrived" on Earth by chance, such as with the crash of a comet or meteor.

The third, and most widely held hypothesis in the scientific community, is that life on Earth arose approximately 3.5 - 4 billion years ago as the result of a very specific sequence of random chemical events. This theory suggests that the early environment of Earth may have provided the appropriate conditions for the spontaneous formation of organic molecules--the building blocks of life. In the early 1950's two biochemists, Stanley Miller and Harold Urey, conducted an experiment which demonstrated the spontaneous formation of amino acids from inorganic precursors in the lab. It is assumed that over time, the early organic molecules interacted, eventually leading to the evolution of the first life forms.

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Traveling Nitrogen is a fun group game appropriate for the classroom. Players follow nitrogen atoms through living and nonliving parts of the nitrogen cycle. For grades 5-9.

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Traveling Nitrogen Classroom Activity Kit

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The First Living Cells

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The possible discovery of Life on Mars

In July, 1996, it was announced that Dr. David McKay, along with a team of scientists at Johnson Space Center (a division of NASA), had discovered possible fossils of bacteria in an ancient rock from Mars....more

The Environment of Saturn

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Autotrophs

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Coacervates

In the warm primordial ocean, aggregates of amino acids, proteins, and other hydrocarbons coalesced into a form called *coacervates*. Organic polymers such as amino acids will spontaneously form coacervates...more

Windows to the Universe, a project of the National Earth Science Teachers Association, is sponsored in part by the National Science Foundation and NASA, our Founding Partners (the American Geophysical Union and American Geosciences Institute) as well as through Institutional, Contributing, and Affiliate Partners, individual memberships and generous donors. Thank you for your support! NASA AGU AGI NSF