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This is a drawing of the Earth's crust.
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Motions of the Crust of Venus

The crust of Venus does not move with the same speed, or in the same way, as that of the Earth.


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Science, Evolution, and Creationism

How did life evolve on Earth? The answer to this question can help us understand our past and prepare for our future. Although evolution provides credible and reliable answers, polls show that many people turn away from science, seeking other explanations with which they are more comfortable....more

The Crust of Venus

Unlike the Earth's crust, the crust of Venus is very rigid. The shape of the volcanoes suggests that over its history, Venus, like Mars, has built a thick crust. A thick crust prevents motions of a surface....more

Volcanic Formations of Venus

One reason scientists think that Venus has a thick crust comes from the shape of the volcanoes of Venus. In the long time in which the volcanoes exist, there has been no "slumping". Over time, volcanoes...more

Venus Mountains

The four main mountain ranges of Venus are named Maxwell Montes, Frejya Montes, Akna Montes, and Danu Montes. These are found on Ishtar Terra. Mountain ranges are formed by the folding and buckling of...more

Volcanic Activity of Venus

The Magellan mission to Venus confirmed that the surface of Venus is definitely volcanic. As shown in this picture, lava flows extend to hundreds of miles across the plains in the foreground. The surface...more

Venus Tessera

Tessera is a unique feature of Venus, found on Alpha Regio, Ishtar Terra, and Aphrodite Terra. Tessera is created when the crust is pushed together. Then the surface folds and breaks. This process may...more

Venus Faulting

This picture shows an example of folding and faulting on Venus. The different patterns of faulting provide evidence of pushing and shoving taking place by different parts of the surface. ...more

Venus Coronae

The feature of Venus' geography called a "Corona" is a deep, curving, trench surrounding an elevated plain. Coronae is the name for more than one corona. This is an image of Artemis Corona which is found...more

Windows to the Universe, a project of the National Earth Science Teachers Association, is sponsored in part is sponsored in part through grants from federal agencies (NASA and NOAA), and partnerships with affiliated organizations, including the American Geophysical Union, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Earth System Information Partnership, the American Meteorological Society, the National Center for Science Education, and TERC. The American Geophysical Union and the American Geosciences Institute are Windows to the Universe Founding Partners. NESTA welcomes new Institutional Affiliates in support of our ongoing programs, as well as collaborations on new projects. Contact NESTA for more information. NASA ESIP NCSE HHMI AGU AGI AMS NOAA