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Super-Kamiokande is a 50,000 ton water Cerenkov detector located at a depth of 2700 meters water equivalent in the Kamioka Mozumi mine in Japan.
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Image courtesy of the University of Maryland

The Super Kamiokande

Super-Kamiokande is a water Cerenkov detector located in the Kamioka Mozumi mine in Japan. Its use includes proton decay studies, neutrino detection (from the Sun, the atmosphere and supernovae) and muon detection from cosmic rays. It is the world's largest underground neutrino detector experiment (built under a joint Japan-US collaboration).

Super-Kamiokande is a big cylindrical tank filled with water. Its dimensions are about 40 m in diameter and 40 m in height. The ( walls are covered with (about 13,000) photomultiplier tubes (PMT's).

These are very sensitive devices that produce an electrical signal when they detect light. Their sensitivity is so high that they can detect a single photon.


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Windows to the Universe, a project of the National Earth Science Teachers Association, is sponsored in part is sponsored in part through grants from federal agencies (NASA and NOAA), and partnerships with affiliated organizations, including the American Geophysical Union, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Earth System Information Partnership, the American Meteorological Society, the National Center for Science Education, and TERC. The American Geophysical Union and the American Geosciences Institute are Windows to the Universe Founding Partners. NESTA welcomes new Institutional Affiliates in support of our ongoing programs, as well as collaborations on new projects. Contact NESTA for more information. NASA ESIP NCSE HHMI AGU AGI AMS NOAA