Here's how an artist thinks New Horizons will look as it flies past Pluto in 2015. Can you spot Pluto's large moon, Charon, and the Sun, which is very far away, in the background?
Click on image for full size
Image courtesy Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Southwest Research Institute.
New Horizons Mission to Pluto
NASA is sending a spacecraft to Pluto. The
spacecraft is named New Horizons. New Horizons, which is a robot, will be the
first spacecraft to visit Pluto.
New Horizons blasted off in January 2006. New Horizons will get a slingshot
boost from Jupiter when it flies by that
giant planet in February 2007. The boost from Jupiter will add 4 km/s (9,000
mph) to the spacecraft's speed.
New Horizons will get to Pluto in 2015. It will study Pluto as it flies by the icy world. It will also study Pluto's big moon Charon.
After the spacecraft passes Pluto, it will study at least one Kuiper
Belt Object (KBO). KBOs are giant iceballs that orbit beyond Pluto. Some
scientists consider Pluto "just another KBO" and don't
think it should be called a planet. Other astronomers disagree, and think
Pluto is a planet.
Either way, New Horizons should teach us a lot about Pluto and the Kuiper belt!
New Horizons zoomed away from Earth faster than any other spacecraft in history
after its launch. When its engine turned off, it was going 16 km/s (36,300 mph).
When Apollo astronauts went to the
Moon, it took them three days to get
there. New Horizons passed the Moon nine hours after it took off! The spacecraft
crossed the orbit of Mars
in April 2006. It zipped through the asteroid
belt between May and October of 2006. New Horizons took its first picture
of Pluto (from very, very far away!) in September 2006.
So far, all of the instruments on New Horizons are working fine. Keep up the
good work, New Horizons!
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