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The Spring 2011 issue of The Earth Scientist is focused on modernizing seismology education. Thanks to IRIS, you can download this issue for free as a pdf. Print copies are available in our online store.
This is a schematic of the interior of Saturn.
NASA

The Liquid Hydrogen Layer

The first liquid layer inside Saturn, right under the atmosphere, is the liquid hydrogen layer. The hydrogen atmosphere becomes thicker and thicker, like a dense fog, with more and more liquid droplets, until the hydrogen completely changes from the gas form to the liquid form. This changes occurs at roughly 1000 km (650 miles) below the level of the first cloud deck.

Once the hydrogen is a liquid, it then behaves like the ocean does in forming currents for the purpose of carrying heat from the inside to the outside of Saturn.

Under the liquid hydrogen layer is a layer made of liquid metallic hydrogen. This layer also forms complicated currents and motions, but because the layer is metallic, it is also able to conduct electricity. This is what produces Saturn's big magnetosphere.

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Windows to the Universe, a project of the National Earth Science Teachers Association, is sponsored in part is sponsored in part through grants from federal agencies (NASA and NOAA), and partnerships with affiliated organizations, including the American Geophysical Union, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Earth System Information Partnership, the American Meteorological Society, the National Center for Science Education, and TERC. The American Geophysical Union and the American Geosciences Institute are Windows to the Universe Founding Partners. NESTA welcomes new Institutional Affiliates in support of our ongoing programs, as well as collaborations on new projects. Contact NESTA for more information. NASA ESIP NCSE HHMI AGU AGI AMS NOAA