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Star Statistics - Windows to the Universe

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Star Statistics

Note: (var) means that the star varies in brightness.
Apparent magnitude: brightness, as seen from Earth; the lower the magnitude, the brighter the star.
The Brightest Stars in the Sky

Name Constellation to which star belongs Apparent Magnitude
Sirius Canis Major -1.46
Canopus Carina -0.72
Rigil Kent (Alpha Centauri) Centaurus -0.27
Arcturus Bootes -0.04
Vega Lyra +0.03
Capella Auriga +0.08
Rigel Orion +0.12
Procyon Canis Minor +0.38
Achernar Eridanus +0.46
Betelgeuse Orion +0.50 (var)

Note: Proxima Centauri is part of the Alpha Centauri system.
Apparent magnitude: brightness, as seen from Earth; the lower the magnitude, the brighter the star.
The Nearest Stars

Star Distance (light-years) Apparent Magnitude
Proxima Centauri 4.2 +11.0
Alpha Centauri 4.3 -0.3
Barnard's Star 6.0 +9.5
Wolf 359 7.7 +13.5
Lalande 21185 8.2 +7.5
UV Ceti 8.4 +12.5
Sirius 8.6 -1.46
Ross 154 9.4 +10.5
Ross 248 10.4 +12.3
Epsilon Eridani 10.8 +3.7
Ross 128 10.9 +11.1

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Windows to the Universe, a project of the National Earth Science Teachers Association, is sponsored in part by the National Science Foundation and NASA, our Founding Partners (the American Geophysical Union and American Geosciences Institute) as well as through Institutional, Contributing, and Affiliate Partners, individual memberships and generous donors. Thank you for your support! NASA AGU AGI NSF