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Picture of Linus Pauling
Courtesy UPI/Bettmann

Linus Pauling

Linus Pauling was an American chemist who lived between 1901-1994. He was the first person to apply quantum mechanics to chemistry, and made great progress in the field of molecular biology.

Pauling first explained how atoms combine to form molecules and the nature of the chemical bond. He also invented the concept of electronegativity, and solved the mystery behind sickle cell anemia disease.

After the second World War, Pauling became a proponent of global peace, and won his second Nobel Prize for efforts to stop nuclear testing.


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Windows to the Universe, a project of the National Earth Science Teachers Association, is sponsored in part by the National Science Foundation and NASA, our Founding Partners (the American Geophysical Union and American Geosciences Institute) as well as through Institutional, Contributing, and Affiliate Partners, individual memberships and generous donors. Thank you for your support! NASA AGU AGI NSF