Shop Windows to the Universe

Earth Science Rocks! Select one of our four cool NESTA t-shirts from our online store, and express your love of Earth and space science!

    Image courtesy of Kate Pound.

From: Kate Pound
McMurdo Station, Antarctica, October 14, 2007

Mt. Erebus from Observation Hill, Ross Island, Antarctica

Dear everyone,

I am settling in to life at McMurdo Station as we wait for the first core samples to be brought to Crary Lab from the drill site, which is about 25 km to the NW of McMurdo Station. While we wait and get organized some of our team took a break and went for a walk up Observation Hill (elevation 230 m). From the top of Observation Hill we had a wonderful view of Mt. Erebus (elevation 3,700 m or 12,100 ft), a volcano that is about 40 km away from McMurdo at the edge of the Ross Ice Shelf.

Mt. Erebus is part of a group of volcanoes that make up Ross Island, the area of land that McMurdo Station and Scott Base (the New Zealand Station) are built on. Mount Erebus has been active since about 1.3 million years ago, and as you can see from the small plume of steam above it, it is still active. If you go to the Mt. Erebus Volcano Observatory you can learn more about Mt. Erebus. They do not have the live volcanocam set up yet though – they have to wait until November or December when the weather improves and the research team gets down here.

Are you surprised to find that there are active volcanoes in Antarctica? For geologists like myself it isn't a surprise, because we know that the volcanoes are an indication that there is some kind of tectonic activity, where the plates are colliding or being pulled apart. Remember that even though it is cold here, the rocks under the ice are still part of the outer layer of the earth (the lithosphere) that makes up the tectonic plates, and these plates move. Geologists that work on Antarctic Volcanoes have interpreted volcanoes such as Mt. Erebus to have formed as the crust that makes up the Ross Sea and West Antarctic area has been stretched to form a rift basin, and the magma moved up from below. The magma that fed these volcanoes may also have been influenced by what geologists call a mantle plume or hotspot. They are working to understand this better.

We should be busy working on the core by the next time I send you a postcard. Do check out the Andrill ARISE blogs to find out more about the things our team has been up to.

Bye for now!
Kate

Postcards from the Field: ANDRILL

You might also be interested in:

Cool It! Game

Check out our online store - minerals, fossils, books, activities, jewelry, and household items!...more

The Antarctic Region

What Will You Find There? South of the Antarctic Circle (at 66.5°S latitude) you will find the continent of Antarctica surrounded by the Southern Ocean, the geographic South Pole and the magnetic South...more

Ice Shelves

Ice shelves are a part of the Earth's cryosphere. Ice shelves are usually extensions of glaciers or ice sheets that cover the land. An ice shelf is a part of an ice sheet that extends from land out over...more

Antarctica

Antarctica is unique. It is the coldest, windiest, and driest continent on Earth. The land is barren and mostly covered with a thick sheet of ice. Antarctica is almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle...more

Plate Tectonics

Many forces cause the surface of the Earth to change over time. However, the largest force that changes our planet’s surface is the movement of Earth's outer layer through the process of plate tectonics....more

How Do Plates Move?

Earth’s center, or core, is very hot, about 9000 degrees F. This heat causes molten rock deep within the mantle layer to move. Warm material rises, cools, and eventually sinks down. As the cool material...more

Clues to Plate Movements

Many kinds of surface features provide evidence of a sliding lithosphere. When two plates move apart, rising material from the mantle pushes the lithosphere aside. Two types of features can form when...more

Magma

If you could travel to the center of the Earth, you would find that it gets hotter and hotter as you travel deeper. The heat is naturally produced by decay of radioactive elements. Within the Earth’s...more

Windows to the Universe, a project of the National Earth Science Teachers Association, is sponsored in part by the National Science Foundation and NASA, our Founding Partners (the American Geophysical Union and American Geosciences Institute) as well as through Institutional, Contributing, and Affiliate Partners, individual memberships and generous donors. Thank you for your support! NASA AGU AGI NSF