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Warnings: The True Story of How Science Tamed the Weather by Mike Smith tells the story of our storm warning system. See our online store book collection.
This picture shows the orbits of Mercury and Venus within the orbit of the Earth. The Earth, Mars and Venus were the subject of Velikovsky's work, Worlds in Collision.
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Courtesy of NASA.

Immanuel Velikovsky

Immanuel Velikovsky was a writer born in 1895 in Vitebsk, Russia. After traveling and working in many places throughout the world, he moved to the United States.

During his travels and different jobs, Immanuel Velikovsky wrote many books regarding history, religion and science. His most controversial work, Worlds in Collision, states that a rearrangement of the electromagnetism of the solar system caused Venus and Mars to closely approach the Earth and cause many disasters to early humanity. Velikovsky's work was known by most for being controversial and inaccurate. He passed away on November 17, 1979.

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Windows to the Universe, a project of the National Earth Science Teachers Association, is sponsored in part is sponsored in part through grants from federal agencies (NASA and NOAA), and partnerships with affiliated organizations, including the American Geophysical Union, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Earth System Information Partnership, the American Meteorological Society, the National Center for Science Education, and TERC. The American Geophysical Union and the American Geosciences Institute are Windows to the Universe Founding Partners. NESTA welcomes new Institutional Affiliates in support of our ongoing programs, as well as collaborations on new projects. Contact NESTA for more information. NASA ESIP NCSE HHMI AGU AGI AMS NOAA