Shop Windows to the Universe

Young Voices for the Planet DVD in our online store includes 8 films where students speak out and take action on climate change.
Photo of Ernest Shackleton
Click on image for full size
Public domain image from NOAA photo library

Ernest Shackleton

Ernest Shackleton was one of the famous explorers in the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. He was born in Ireland on February 15, 1874. He dropped out of college to go to sea against the wishes of his parents.

In 1901-1903, Shackleton went on the National Antarctic Expedition. This trip was also known as the Discovery Expedition which was named after their ship. This expedition was led by Robert Scott.

In 1907-1909, Shackleton organized his own expedition, called the Nimrod Expedition, to the South Pole. The explorers reached a point only 180 km from the South Pole but had to turn back due to harsh weather, lack of food and loss of ponies that the explorers had used for transport. However, they were the first men to cross the Trans-Antarctic mountain range and set foot on the South Polar Plateau. They also located the Magnetic South Pole. Shackleton returned to England a hero and was knighted.

Shackleton's most famous expedition was the Endurance Expedition in 1914-1916. It was an attempt to cross Antarctica by way of the Pole. But in the Weddell Sea their ship was trapped and then crushed by the ice. Shackleton and five other men managed to cross 800 miles of dangerous seas in a small boat and reach the whaling station on South Georgia island. There Shackleton organized a rescue operation to bring home the remaining men. This amazing feat became a subject of many books and movies.

Shackleton died in 1922 during another Antarctic expedition and was buried on South Georgia island.

Last modified June 23, 2007 by Julia Genyuk.

Shop Windows to the Universe Science Store!

Learn about Earth and space science, and have fun while doing it! The games section of our online store includes a climate change card game and the Traveling Nitrogen game!

Windows to the Universe Community

News

Opportunities

You might also be interested in:

Science, Evolution, and Creationism

How did life evolve on Earth? The answer to this question can help us understand our past and prepare for our future. Although evolution provides credible and reliable answers, polls show that many people turn away from science, seeking other explanations with which they are more comfortable....more

Geography of Earth's Polar Regions

Location The polar regions are the areas that surround Earthís geographic North and South Poles. The area surrounding the North Pole is called the Arctic and includes almost the entire Arctic Ocean and...more

Florence Bascom

Florence Bascom was one of the first female geologists in the United States and her fellow scientists thought she was one of the nationís most important geologists. She lived from 1862 until 1945 and...more

Niels Bohr

Niels Bohr was a Danish physicist who lived between 1885-1962. He investigated atomic structure, modifying Rutherford's old model of an atom. Bohr also claimed that an atom's chemical properties are determined...more

Marie Curie

Marie Curie was a physicist and chemist who lived between 1867-1934. She contributed greatly to our understanding of radioactivity and the effects of x-rays. She was born Maria Skłodowska in Warsaw,...more

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein was a German physicist who lived between 1879-1955. Probably the most well-known scientist of the twentieth century, Einstein came up with many original theories and invented modern physics....more

Robert Goddard

Robert Goddard was an American physicist who lived between 1882-1945. He was a pioneer of modern rocketry who discovered that liquid fuel is more efficient than solid fuel. Although Goddard's first rocket...more

Werner Heisenberg

Werner Heisenberg was a German physicist who lived between 1901-1976. He developed new theories in quantum mechanics about the behavior of electrons which agreed with the results of previous experiments....more

Windows to the Universe, a project of the National Earth Science Teachers Association, is sponsored in part is sponsored in part through grants from federal agencies (NASA and NOAA), and partnerships with affiliated organizations, including the American Geophysical Union, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Earth System Information Partnership, the American Meteorological Society, the National Center for Science Education, and TERC. The American Geophysical Union and the American Geosciences Institute are Windows to the Universe Founding Partners. NESTA welcomes new Institutional Affiliates in support of our ongoing programs, as well as collaborations on new projects. Contact NESTA for more information. NASA ESIP NCSE HHMI AGU AGI AMS NOAA