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Science, Evolution, and Creationism, by the National Academies, focuses on teaching evolution in today's classrooms. Check out the other publications in our online store.
Florence Bascom, geologist, holding a compass
Florence Bascom Papers, Sophia Smith Collection, Women's History Archives at Smith College

Florence Bascom

Florence Bascom, who lived from 1862 until 1945, was one of the most important geologists in the United States. She studied mineral crystals by looking at them very closely with a microscope. She also studied metamorphic rocks and how mountains form.

Long ago, it was not easy for a woman to go to college in the U.S., but that didnít stop Florence! She earned two bachelorís degrees, a masterís degree, and a Ph.D. in geology. She was the second woman to ever earn a Ph.D. in geology in the U.S.

Florence started teaching geology at Bryn Mawr, a womenís college, in 1895. She collected minerals, rocks, and fossils for the college and taught hundreds of students over the years. Many of her students became successful geologists just like she did!

Last modified September 21, 2009 by Lisa Gardiner.

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Our online store includes issues of NESTA's quarterly journal, The Earth Scientist, full of classroom activities on different topics in Earth and space science, ranging from seismology, rocks and minerals, oceanography, and Earth system science to astronomy!

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Windows to the Universe, a project of the National Earth Science Teachers Association, is sponsored in part is sponsored in part through grants from federal agencies (NASA and NOAA), and partnerships with affiliated organizations, including the American Geophysical Union, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Earth System Information Partnership, the American Meteorological Society, the National Center for Science Education, and TERC. The American Geophysical Union and the American Geosciences Institute are Windows to the Universe Founding Partners. NESTA welcomes new Institutional Affiliates in support of our ongoing programs, as well as collaborations on new projects. Contact NESTA for more information. NASA ESIP NCSE HHMI AGU AGI AMS NOAA