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A History of Astronauts

The following tables show a history of U.S. astronauts, cosmonauts, and international astronauts:


  • U.S. Astronauts
  • Cosmonauts
  • International Astronauts



  • U.S. Astronauts

    Name Dates of Service Missions Hours in Space
    Adamson, James 1985-current 1989: STS-28
    1991: STS-43
    334 hours
    Akers, Tom 1987-current 1990: STS-41
    1992: STS-49
    1993: STS-61
    1996: STS-79
    800 hours
    Aldrin, Buzz 1963-1971 1966: Gemini 12
    1969: Apollo 11
    288 hours
    Allen, Andrew 1987-current 1992: STS-46
    1994: STS-62
    1996: STS-75
    900 hours
    Allen, Joseph 1967-1985 1982: STS-5
    1984: STS 51-A
    148 hours
    Anders, William 1963-1977 1968: Apollo 8 148 hours
    Apt, Jerome 1986-current 1991: STS-37
    1992: STS-47
    1994: STS-59
    1996:STS-79
    847 hours
    Armstrong, Neil 1962-1971 1966: Gemini 8
    1969: Apollo 11
    206 hours
    Bagian, James 1980-current 1989: STS-29
    1991: STS-40
    337 hours
    Baker, Ellen 1984-current 1989: STS-34
    1992: STS-50
    1995: STS-71
    686 hours
    Baker, Michael 1986-current 1991: STS-43
    1992: STS-52
    1994: STS-68
    1997: STS-81
    965 hours
    Bassett II, Charles A. 1963-1966 Regretfully, Bassett died in training in a jet accident in Missouri. 0 hours
    Bean, Alan 1963-1981 1969: Apollo 12
    1973: Skylab 3
    1672 hours
    Blaha, John 1980-current 1989: STS-29
    1989: STS-33
    1991: STS-43
    1993: STS-58
    1996: Mir-22
    3864 hours
    Bluford, Guion 1985-1994 1983: STS-8
    1985: STS 61A
    1991: STS-39
    1992: STS-53
    688 hours
    Bobko, Karol 1969-1989 1983: STS-6
    1985: STS 51D
    1985: STS 51J
    386 hours
    Bolden, Charles 1980-current 1986: STS 61C
    1990: STS-31
    1992: STS-45
    479 hours
    Borman, Frank 1962-1970 1965: Gemini 7
    1968: Apollo 8
    478 hours
    Bowersox, Kenneth 1988-current 1992: STS-50
    1993: STS-61
    1995: STS-73
    1997: STS-82
    1200 hours
    Brand, Vance 1966-1994 1975: Apollo-Soyuz
    1982: STS-5
    1984: STS 41B
    1990: STS-35
    746 hours
    Brandenstein, Daniel 1978-current 1983: STS-8
    1985: STS 51G
    1990: STS-32
    1992: STS-49
    576 hours
    Brown, Curtis 1988-current 1992: STS-47
    1994: STS-66
    1996: STS-77
    693 hours
    Brown, Mark 1984-current 1989: STS-28
    1991: STS-48
    249 hours
    Buchli, James 1978-1992 1985: STS 51C
    1985: STS 61A
    1989: STS-29
    1991: STS-48
    490 hours
    Bursch, Daniel 1991-current 1993: STS-51
    1994: STS-68
    1996: STS-77
    746 hours
    Cabana, Robert 1986-current 1990: STS-41
    1992: STS-53
    1994: STS-65
    627 hours
    Cameron, Kenneth 1984-current 1991: STS-37
    1993: STS-56
    1995: STS-74
    561 hours
    Carpenter, Scott 1959-1967 1962: Mercury-Atlas 7 5 hours
    Carr, Gerald 1966-1977 1973: Skylab 4
    1991: STS-43
    2016 hours
    Carter, Manley 1984-1991 1989: STS-33 120 hours
    Casper, John 1985-current 1990: STS-36
    1993: STS-54
    1994: STS-62
    1996: STS-77
    825 hours
    Cernan, Eugene 1963-1976 1966: Gemini 9
    1969: Apollo 10
    1972: Apollo 17
    566 hours
    Chaffee, Roger 1963-1967 1967: Apollo 1 killed in Apollo 1 fire
    Chang-Diaz, Franklin 1981-current 1986: STS-61c
    1989: STS-34
    1992: STS-46
    1994: STS-60
    1996: STS-75
    1033 hours
    Chiao, Leroy 1991-current 1994: STS-65
    1996: STS-72
    568 hours
    Chilton, Kevin 1991-current 1992: STS-49
    1994: STS-59
    1996: STS-76
    704 hours
    Cleave, Mary 1980-1991 1985: STS 61-B
    1989: STS-30
    262 hours
    Clifford, Michael 1990-current 1992: STS-53
    1994: STS-59
    1996: STS-76
    665 hours
    Coats, Michael 1978-1991 1984: STS 41D
    1989: STS-29
    1991: STS-39
    463 hours
    Cockrell, Kenneth 1991-current 1993: STS-56
    1995: STS-69
    1996: STS-80
    906 hours
    Collins, Eileen 1991-current 1995: STS-63
    1997: STS-84
    198 hours
    Collins, Michael 1963-1970 1966: Gemini 10
    1969: Apollo 11
    265 hours
    Conrad, Charles "Pete" 1962-1973 1965: Gemini 5
    1966: Gemini 11
    1969: Apollo 12
    1973: Skylab 2
    1180 hours
    Cooper, Gordon 1959-1970 1963: Mercury 9
    1965: Gemini 5
    224 hours
    Covey, Richard 1978-current 1985: STS 51-I
    1988: STS-26
    1990: STS-38
    385 hours
    Creighton, John 1978-1992 1985: STS 51G
    1990: STS-36
    1991: STS-48
    403 hours
    Crippen, Robert 1969-1989 1981: STS-1
    1983: STS-7
    1984: STS 41C
    1984: STS 41G
    506 hours
    Culbertson, Frank 1985-current 1990: STS-38
    1993: STS-51
    344 hours
    Cunningham, Walt 1964-1971 1968: Apollo 7 263 hours
    Currie, Nancy 1991-current 1993: STS-57
    1995: STS-70
    454 hours
    Davis, Jan 1987-current 1992: STS-47
    1994: STS-60
    389 hours
    Duffy, Brian 1986-current 1992: STS-45
    1993: STS-57
    1996: STS-72
    667 hours
    Duke, Charles 1966-1975 1972: Apollo 16 265 hours
    Dunbar, Bonnie 1981-current 1985: STS 61A
    1990: STS-32
    1992: STS-50
    761 hours
    Eisele, Donn 1963-1972 1968: Apollo 7 264 hours
    England, Anthony 1967-1986 1985: STS 51F 188 hours
    Engle, Joe 1966-1986 1981: STS-2
    1985: STS 51I
    224 hours
    Evans, Ronald 1966-1977 1972: Apollo 17 300 hours
    Fabian, John 1979-1985 1983: STS-7
    1985: STS 51G
    317 hours
    Fisher, Anna 1978-current 1984: STS 51A 192 hours
    Fisher, William 1980-1991 1985: STS 51I 170 hours
    Foale, C. Michael 1988-current 1992: STS-45
    1993: STS-56
    1995: STS-63
    1997: STS-84
    634 hours
    Fullerton, Charles 1969-current 1982: STS-3
    1985: STS 51F
    334 hours
    Gardner, Dale 1978-1986 1983: STS-8
    1984: STS 51A
    337 hours
    Gardner, Guy 1980-1991 1988: STS-27
    1990: STS-35
    321 hours
    Garriott, Owen 1965-1986 1973: Skylab 3
    1983: STS-9
    1675 hours
    Gemar, Charles 1985-current 1990: STS-38
    1991: STS-48
    1994: STS-62
    580 hours
    Gibson, Edward 1965-1980 1973: Skylab 4 2017 hours
    Gibson, Robert 1978-1996 1984: STS-41B
    1986: STS-61C
    1988: STS-27
    1992: STS-47
    1995: STS-71
    876 hours
    Glenn, John 1957-1964, 1998 1962: Mercury-Atlas 6, Friendship 7
    1998: STS-95 Discovery
    219 hours
    Godwin, Linda 1980-current 1991: STS-37
    1994: STS-59
    1996: STS-76
    633 hours
    Gordon, Richard 1963-1972 1966: Gemini 11
    1969: Apollo 12
    316 hours
    Grabe, Ronald 1969-current 1985: STS 51J
    1989: STS-30
    1992: STS-42
    1993: STS-57
    627 hours
    Gregory, Frederick 1978-current 1985: STS 51B
    1989: STS-33
    1991:STS-44
    456 hours
    Griggs, Stanley 1970-1989 1985: STS 51D 148 hours
    Grissom, Virgil 1959-1967 1961: Mercury-Redstone 4
    1965 Gemini 3
    1967: killed in Apollo 1 fire
    hours
    Grunsfeld, John 1992-current 1995: STS-67
    1997: STS-8
    644 hours
    Gutierrez, Sidney 1984-current 1991: STS-40 218 hours
    Haise, Fred 1964-1979 1970: Apollo 13 143 hours
    Halsell, James 1990-current 1994: STS-65
    1996: STS-74
    1997: STS-83
    556 hours
    Hammond, L. Blaine 1984-current 1991: STS-39
    1994: STS-64
    462 hours
    Harbaugh, Gregory 1978-current 1991: STS-39
    1993: STS-54
    1995: STS-71
    1997: STS-82
    818 hours
    Harris, Bernard 1990-1996 1993: STS-55
    1995: STS-63
    438 hours
    Hart, Terry 1979-1984 1984: STS 41C 168 hours
    Hartsfield, Henry 1969-current 1982: STS-4
    1984: STS 41D
    1985: STS 61A
    483 hours
    Hauck, Frederick 1978-1990 1983: STS-7
    1984: STS 51A
    1988: STS-26
    426 hours
    Hawley, Steven 1978-current 1984: STS 41D
    1986: STS 61C
    1990: STS-31
    412 hours
    Helms, Susan 1990-current 1993: STS-54
    1994: STS-64
    1996: STS-78
    812 hours
    Henricks, Terence 1986-current 1991: STS-44
    1993: STS-55
    1995: STS-70
    1996: STS-78
    1000 hours
    Hieb, Richard 1985-current 1991: STS-39
    1992: STS-49
    1994: STS-65
    750 hours
    Hilmers, David 1969-current 1985: STS 51J
    1988: STS-26
    1990: STS-36
    1992: STS-42
    493 hours
    Hoffman, Jeffrey 1978-current 1985: STS 51D
    1990: STS-35
    1992: STS-46
    1993: STS-61
    1996: STS-75
    1211 hours
    Horowitz, Scott 1992-current 1996: STS-75
    1997: STS-81
    617 hours
    Irwin, James 1964-1972 1971: Apollo 15 295 hours
    Ivins, Marsha 1974-current 1990: STS-32
    1992: STS-46
    1994: STS-62
    1997: STS-81
    1009 hours
    Jemison, Mae Carol 1987-current 1993: STS-47 190 hours
    Jernigan, Tamara 1986-current 1991: STS-40
    1992: STS-67
    1996: STS-80
    1277 hours
    Jett, Brent 1992-current 1996: STS-72
    1997: STS-81
    458 hours
    Jones, Thomas 1991-current 1994: STS-68
    1996: STS-80
    667 hours
    Kerwin, Joseph 1965-1987 1973: Skylab 2 673 hours
    Kregel, Kevin 1990-current 1995: STS-70
    1996: STS-78
    1997: STS-87
    618 hours
    Lee, Mark 1984-current 1989: STS-30
    1992: STS-47
    1994: STS-64
    1997: STS-82
    792 hours
    Leestma, David 1980-current 1984: STS 41G
    1989: STS-28
    1992: STS-45
    533 hours
    Lenoir, William 1967-1992 1982: STS-5 122 hours
    Lind, Don 1966-1986 1985: STS 51B 177 hours
    Linenger, Jerry 1992-current 1994: STS-64
    1997: Mir Station
    262 hours
    Lounge, John 1980-1991 1985: STS 51I
    1988: STS-26
    1990: STS-35
    482 hours
    Lousma, Jack 1966-1983 1973: Skylab 3
    1982: STS-3
    1608 hours
    Lovell, Jim 1962-1973 1965: Gemini 7
    1966: Gemini 12
    1968: Apollo 8
    1970: Apollo 13
    720 hours
    Low, G. David 1984-1996 1990: STS-32
    1991: STS-43
    1993: STS-57
    714 hours
    Lucid, Shannon 1979-current 1985: STS-51G
    1989: STS-34
    1991: STS-43
    1993: STS-58
    1996: Mir Station
    5354 hours
    McArthur, William 1987-current 1993: STS-58
    1995: STS-74
    532 hours
    McBride, Jon 1978-1989 1984: STS 41G 197 hours
    McCandless, Bruce 1966-1990 1984: STS 41B
    1990: STS-31
    312 hours
    McCulley, Michael 1984-1990 1989: STS-34 119 hours
    McDivitt, Jim 1962-1972 1965: Gemini 4
    1969: Apollo 9
    339 hours
    McMonagle, Donald 1987-current 1991: STS-39
    1993: STS-54
    1994: STS-66
    605 hours
    McNair, Ronald 1978-1986 1984: STS 41B
    1986: killed in Challenger explosion
    192 hours
    Mattingly, T. Ken 1966-1985 1972: Apollo 16
    1982: STS-4
    1985: STS 51C
    509 hours
    Meade, Carl 1986-1996 1990: STS-38
    1992: STS-50
    1994: STS-64
    712 hours
    Melnick, Bruce 1987-1992 1990: STS-41
    1992: STS-49
    311 hours
    Mitchell, Edgar 1966-1972 1971: Apollo 14 216 hours
    Mullane, Richard 1978-1990 1984: STS 41D
    1989: STS-27
    1990: STS-36
    356 hours
    Musgrave, F. Story 1967-current 1983: STS-6
    1985: Spacelab
    1989: STS-33
    1991: STS-44
    1993: STS-61
    1996: STS-80
    1282 hours
    Nagel, Steven 1979-current 1985: STS-51G
    1985: STS-61
    1991: STS-37
    1993: STS-55
    723 hours
    Nelson, George 1978-1989 1984: STS 41C
    1986: STS 61C
    1987: STS-26
    411 hours
    Newman, James 1985-current 1993: STS-51
    1995: STS-69
    496 hours
    Ochoa, Ellen 1988-current 1993: STS-56
    1994: STS-66
    484 hours
    O'Connor, Bryan 1980-1991 1985: STS 61B
    1991: STS-40
    383 hours
    Onizuka, Ellison 1978-1986 1985: STS 51C
    1986: killed in Challenger explosion
    72 hours
    Oswald, Stephen 1984-2000 1992: STS-42
    1993: STS-56
    1995: STS-67
    792 hours
    Overmyer, Robert 1969-1986 1982: STS-5
    1985: STS 51C
    290 hours
    Parker, Robert 1967-current 1983: STS-9
    1990: STS-35
    463 hours
    Peterson, Donald 1967-1985 1983: STS-6 120 hours
    Pogue, William 1966-1975 1973: Skylab 4 2017 hours
    Precourt, Charles 1990-current 1993: STS-55
    1995: STS-71
    1997: STS-84
    667 hours
    Readdy, William 1986-current 1992: STS-42
    1993: STS-51
    1996: STS-79
    672 hours
    Reightler, Kenneth 1988-current 1991: STS-48
    1994: STS-60
    327 hours
    Resnik, Judith 1978-1986 1984: STS 41D
    1986: killed in Challenger explosion
    168 hours
    Richards, Richard 1981-current 1989: STS-28
    1990: STS-41
    1992: STS-50
    1994: STS-64
    813 hours
    Ride, Sally 1978-1987 1983: STS-7
    1984: STS 41G
    337 hours
    Rominger, Kent 1992-current 1995: STS-73
    1996: STS-80
    814 hours
    Roosa, Stuart 1966-1976 1971: Apollo 14 217 hours
    Ross, Jerry 1980-current 1985: STS-61B
    1988: STS-27
    1991: STS-37
    1993: STS-55
    1995: STS-74
    1998: STS-88
    850 hours
    Runco, Mario 1987-current 1991: STS-44
    1993: STS-54
    1996: STS-77
    551 hours
    Schirra, Walter 1959-1969 1962: Mercury-Atlas 8
    1965: Gemini 6
    1968: Apollo 7
    300 hours
    Schmitt, Harrison "Jack" 1965-1975 1972: Apollo 17 302 hours
    Schweickart, Russell 1963-1979 1969: Apollo 9 241 hours
    Scobee, F. Richard 1978-1986 1984: STS 41C
    1986: killed in Challenger explosion
    168 hours
    Scott, David 1963-1977 1966: Gemini 8
    1969: Apollo 9
    1971: Apollo 15
    545 hours
    Scott, Winston 1992-current 1996: STS-72
    1997: STS-87
    214 hours
    Searfoss, Richard 1991-current 1993: STS-58
    1996: STS-76
    557 hours
    Seddon, M. Rhea 1979-current 1985: STS-51D
    1991: STS-40
    1993: STS-58
    722 hours
    See Jr., Elliot M. 1962-1966 Regretfully, See died in training in a jet accident in Missouri. 0 hours
    Sega, Ronald 1990-1996 1994: STS-60
    1996: STS-76
    667 hours
    Shaw, Brewster 1978-1989 1983: STS-9
    1985: STS 61B
    1989: STS-28
    524 hours
    Shepard, Alan 1959-1974 1961: Mercury-Redstone 3
    1971: Apollo 14
    216 hours
    Shepherd, William 1984-current 1988: STS-27
    1990: STS-41
    1992: STS-52
    440 hours
    Shriver, Loren 1978-current 1985: STS 51C
    1990: STS-31
    1992: STS-46
    362 hours
    Slayton, Donald "Deke" 1959-1981 1975: Apollo-Soyuz 216 hours
    Smith, Michael 1980-1986 1986: killed in Challenger explosion 0 hours
    Smith, Steven 1989-current 1994: STS-68
    1997: STS-82
    269 hours
    Spring, Sherwood 1980-1988 1985: STS 61B 165 hours
    Stafford, Thomas 1962-1975 1965: Gemini 6
    1966: Gemini 9
    1969: Apollo 10
    1975: Apollo-Soyuz
    504 hours
    Stewart, Robert 1978-1986 1984: STS 41B
    1985: STS 51J
    289 hours
    Sullivan, Kathryn 1978-1985 1984: STS 41G
    1990: STS-31
    1992: STS-45
    362 hours
    Swigert, John 1966-1977 1970: Apollo 13 142 hours
    Thagard, Norman 1978-current 1983: STS-7
    1985: STS-51B
    1989: STS-30
    1992: STS-42
    1995: Mir 18
    3360 hours
    Thomas, Andrew 1992-current 1996: STS-77
    1998: STS-89
    3268 hours
    Thomas, Donald 1990-current 1994: STS-65
    1995: STS-70
    1997: STS-83
    667 hours
    Thornton, Kathryn 1985-1996 1989: STS-33
    1992: STS-49
    1993: STS-61
    975 hours
    Thornton, William 1967-current 1983: STS-8
    1985: STS 51B
    312 hours
    Thuot, Pierre 1985-1995 1990: STS-36
    1992: STS-49
    1994: STS-62
    654 hours
    Truly, Richard 1969-1983 1981: STS-2
    1983: STS-8
    200 hours
    Van Hoften, James 1978-1986 1984: STS 41C
    1985: STS 51I
    112 hours
    Veach, Charles 1982-1995 1991: STS-39
    1992: STS-52
    436 hours
    Voss, James 1984-current 1991: STS-44
    1992: STS-53
    1995: STS-69
    600 hours
    Voss, Janice 1990-current 1993: STS-57
    1995: STS-63
    438 hours
    Walker, David 1979-current 1984: STS-51A
    1989: STS-30
    1992: STS-53
    1995: STS-69
    724 hours
    Walz, Carl 1990-current 1993: STS-51
    1994: STS-65
    1996: STS-79
    833 hours
    Weitz, Paul 1966-1988 1973: Skylab 2
    1983: STS-6
    792 hours
    Wetherbee, James 1984-current 1990: STS-32
    1992: STS-52
    1995: STS-63
    696 hours
    White, Edward 1962-1967 1965: Gemini 4
    1967: killed in Apollo 1 fire
    96 hours
    Wilcutt, Terrence 1990-current 1994: STS-68
    1996: STS-79
    512 hours
    Williams, Donald 1978-1990 1985: STS 51D
    1989: STS-34
    288 hours
    Wisoff, Peter 1990-current 1993: STS-57
    1994: STS-68
    1997: STS-81
    754 hours
    Wolf, David 1990-current 1991: STS-58
    1997: Mir Space Station
    3216 hours
    Worden, Alfred 1966-1975 1971: Apollo 15 259 hours
    Young, John 1962-current 1965: Gemini 3
    1966: Gemini 10
    1969: Apollo 10
    1972: Apollo 16
    1981: STS-1
    1983: STS-9
    835 hours




    Cosmonauts


    Name Dates of Service Missions Hours in Space
    Afanasyev, Viktor 1985-current 1990: Soyuz TM-11 4200 hours
    Aksenov, Vladimir 1964-1988 1976: Soyuz 22
    1980: Soyuz T-2
    288 hours
    Artsebarsky, Anatoly 1985-current 1991: Soyuz TM-12 3480 hours
    Artyukhin, Yuri 1963-1987 1974: Soyuz 14 336 hours
    Atkov, Oleg 1983-current 1984: Soyuz T-10 5688 hours
    Aubakirov, Toktar 1991-current 1991: Soyuz TM-13 192 hours
    Balandin, Alexandr 1978-current 1990: Soyuz TM-9 4248 hours
    Belyayev, Pavel 1960-1970 1965: Voskhod 2 24 hours
    Beregovoy, Georgy 1964-1987 1968: Soyuz 3 94 hours
    Berezovoy, Anatoly 1970-current 1982: Soyuz T-5 5064 hours
    Bykovsky, Valery 1960-1988 1963: Vostok 5
    1976: Soyuz 22
    504 hours
    Demin, Lev 1963-1978 1974: Soyuz 15 48 hours
    Dobrovolsky, Georgy 1963-1971 1971: Soyuz 11 570 hours
    Dzhanibekov, Vladimir 1970-1992 1978: Soyuz 27
    1981: Soyuz 39
    1982: Soyuz T-6
    1984: Soyuz T-12
    1985: Soyuz T-13
    3496 hours
    Feoktistov, Konstantin 1960-1990 1964: Voskhod 1 24 hours
    Filipchenko, Anatoly 1963-1988 1969: Soyuz 7
    1974: Soyuz 16
    264 hours
    Gagarin, Yuri 1960-1968 1961: Vostok 2 hours
    Glazkov, Yuri 1965-1990 1977: Soyuz 24 432 hours
    Gorbatko, Viktor 1960-1982 1969: Soyuz 7
    1977: Soyuz 24
    1980: Soyuz 37
    733 hours
    Grechko, Georgy 1966-1986 1975: Soyuz 17
    1977: Soyuz 26
    1985: Soyuz T-14
    3216 hours
    Gubarev, Alexei 1963-1981 1975: Soyuz 17
    1978: Soyuz 28
    888 hours
    Ivanchenkov, Alexandr 1973-current 1978: Soyuz 29
    1982: Soyuz T-6
    3528 hours
    Kaleri, Alexandr 1984-current 1992: Soyuz TM-14 3600 hours
    Khrunov, Yevgeny 1960-1980 1969: Soyuz 5 73 hours
    Kizim, Leonid 1965-1987 1980: Soyuz T-3
    1984: Soyuz T-10
    1986: Soyuz T-15
    9024 hours
    Klimuk, Pyotr 1965-current 1973: Soyuz 13
    1975: Soyuz 18
    1978: Soyuz 31
    1896 hours
    Komarov, Vladimir 1960-1967 1967: died in Soyuz 1 crash 26 hours
    Kovalenok, Vladimir 1967-1986 1977: Soyuz 25
    1978: Soyuz 29
    1981: Soyuz T-4
    5184 hours
    Krikalev, Sergei 1985-current 1988: Soyuz TM-7
    1991: Mir
    11064 hours
    Kubasov, Valery 1966-current 1969: Soyuz 6
    1975: Soyuz 19
    456 hours
    Laveiken, Alexandr 1978-current 1987: Soyuz TM-2 4179 hours
    Lazarev, Vasily 1966-1987 1973: Soyuz 12
    1975: Soyuz 18-1
    48 hours
    Lebedev, Valentin 1965-1990 1973: Soyuz 13
    1982: Soyuz T-5
    5256 hours
    Leonov, Alexei 1960-1985 1965: Voskhod 2
    1975: Apollo-Soyuz
    168 hours
    Lyakhov, Vladimir 1973-current 1979: Soyuz 32
    1983: Soyuz T-9
    1988: Soyuz TM-6
    7992 hours
    Malyshev, Yuri 1969-current 1980: Soyuz T-2
    1984: Soyuz T-11
    288 hours
    Manakov, Gennady 1985-current 1990: Soyuz TM-10 3144 hours
    Manarov, Musa 1978-current 1987: Soyuz TM-4
    1990: Soyuz TM-11
    12984 hours
    Nikolayev, Andrian 1960-1982 1962: Vostok 3
    1970: Soyuz 9
    204 hours
    Patsayev, Viktor 1968-1971 1971: killed in Soyuz 11 accident 4200 hours
    Polyakov, Valery 1972-current 1988: Soyuz TM-6 5782 hours
    Popov, Leonid 1970-1987 1980: Soyuz 35
    1981: Soyuz 40
    1982: Soyuz T-7
    4800 hours
    Popovich, Pavel 1960-1988 1962: Vostock 4
    1974: Soyuz 14
    456 hours
    Romanenko, Yuri 1970-1988 1977: Soyuz 26
    1980: Soyuz 38
    1987: Soyuz TM-2
    10344 hours
    Rozhdestvensky, Valery 1965-current 1976: Soyuz 23 48 hours
    Rukavishnikov, Nikolai 1967-current 1971: Soyuz 10
    1974: Soyuz 16
    1979: Soyuz 33
    240 hours
    Ryumin, Valery 1973-current 1977: Soyuz 25
    1979: Soyuz 32
    1980: Soyuz 35
    8688 hours
    Sarafanov, Gennady 1965-1987 1974: Soyuz 15 48 hours
    Savinykh, Viktor 1975-1988 1981: Soyuz T-4
    1985: Soyuz T-13
    1988: Soyuz TM-5
    6072 hours
    Savitskaya, Svetlana 1980-current 1982: Soyuz T-7
    1984: Soyuz T-12
    480 hours
    Serebrov, Alexandr 1978-current 1982: Soyuz T-7
    1983: Soyuz T-8
    1990: Mir
    4224 hours
    Sevastyanov, Vitaly 1967-current 1970: Soyuz 9
    1975: Soyuz 18
    1944 hours
    Shatalov, Vladimir 1963-1991 1969: Soyuz 4
    1969: Soyuz 8
    1971: Soyuz 10
    240 hours
    Shonin, Georgy 1960-1979 1969: Soyuz 6 144 hours
    Solovyov, Anatoly 1976-current 1990: Soyuz TM-9 4296 hours
    Solovyov, Vladimir 1978-current 1984: Soyuz T-10
    1986:Soyuz T-15
    8448 hours
    Strekalov, Gennady 1973-current 1980: Soyuz T-3
    1983:Soyuz T-8
    1983: Soyuz T-10
    1984: Soyuz T-11
    1990: Soyuz TM-10
    3480 hours
    Tereshkova, Valentina 1961-1969 1963: Vostok 6 70 hours
    Titov, Gherman 1970-1991 1961: Vostok 2 334 hours
    Titov, Vladimir 1976-current 1983: Soyuz T-8
    1987: Soyuz TM-4
    8808 hours
    Vasyutin, Vladimir 1976-1988 1985: Soyuz T-14 334 hours
    Viktorenko, Alexandr 1978-current 1987: Soyuz TM-3
    1990: Soyuz TM-8
    1992: Soyuz TM-14
    7676 hours
    Volkov, Alexandr 1976-current 1985: Soyuz T-14
    1988: Soyuz TM-7
    1991: Soyuz TM-13
    9384 hours
    Volkov, Vladislav 1966-1971 1969: Soyuz 7
    1971: killed in Soyuz 11 accident
    696 hours
    Volynov, Boris 1960-1990 1969: Soyuz 5
    1976: Salyut-Almaz 5
    1248 hours
    Yegorov, Boris 1961-1979 1964: Voskhod 1 24 hours
    Yeliseyev, Alexei 1966-1984 1969: Soyuz 5
    1969: Soyuz 8
    1971: Soyuz 10
    216 hours
    Zudov, Vyacheslav 1965-1992 1976: Soyuz 23 48 hours



    International Astronauts


    Country Name Dates of Service Missions Hours in Space
    Afghanistan Mohmand, Abdol 1987-1990 1988: Soyuz TM-6 212 hours
    Austria Viehbock, Franz 1989-1993 1991: Soyuz TM-13 191 hours
    Belgium Frimout, Dirk 1978-current 1992: STS-45 216 hours
    Bulgaria Alexandrov, Alexandr 1978-1992 1988: Soyuz TM-5 192 hours
    Bulgaria Ivanov, Georgy 1978-1986 1979: Soyuz 33 47 hours
    Canada Bondar, Roberta 1983-1992 1992: STS-42 192 hours
    Canada Garneau, Marc 1983-current 1984: STS-41G
    1996: STS-77
    192 hours
    Cuba Tamayo-Mendez, Arnaldo 1978-1990 1980: Soyuz 38 192 hours
    Czechoslovakia Remek, Vladimir 1976-1978 1978: Soyuz 28 192 hours
    European Space Agency Clervoy, Jean-Franois 1985-current 1994: STS-66
    1997: STS-84
    262 hours
    European Space Agency Duque, Pedro 1992-current 1996: STS-78 381 hours
    European Space Agency Merbold, Ulf 1977-current 1983: STS-9
    1992:STS-42
    441 hours
    European Space Agency Nicollier, Claude 1978-current 1992: STS-46 191 hours
    European Space Agency Ockels, Wubbo 1978-current 1985: STS 61A 169 hours
    France/CNES Andre-Deshays, Claudie 1992-current 1996 - Mir
    First French woman in space
    379 hours
    France/CNES Baudry, Patrick 1980-1986 1985: STS 51G 170 hours
    France/CNES Chretien, Jean-Loup 1979-current 1982: Soyuz T-6
    1988: Soyuz TM-7
    784 hours
    Germany/DNR Flade, Klaus-Dietrich 1990-current 1992: Soyuz TM-14 192 hours
    Germany/DNR Jaehn, Sigmund 1976-1990 1978: Soyuz 31 192 hours
    Germany/DNR Messerschmid, Ernst 1982-1987 1985: STS 61A 169 hours
    Germany/DNR Schlegel, Hans 1987-current 1993: STS-55 216 hours
    Germany/DNR Walter, Ulrich 1987-current 1993: STS-55 216 hours
    Great Britain Sharman, Helen 1989-current 1991: Soyuz TM-12 168 hours
    Hungary Farkas, Bertalan 1978-current 1980: Soyuz 36 192 hours
    India Sharma, Rakesh 1982-1993 1984: Soyuz T-11 192 hours
    Italy Malerba, Franco 1978-current 1992: STS-46 192 hours
    Japan Akiyama, Toyohiro 1989-current 1990: Soyuz TM-11 192 hours
    Mexico Neri Vela, Rodolfo 1985-1990 1985: STS 61B 168 hours
    Mongolia Gurragcha, Jugderdemidin 1977-1981 1981: Soyuz 39 192 hours
    Poland Hermaszewski, Miroslaw 1976-1982 1978: Soyuz 30 192 hours
    Romania Prunariu, Dumitru 1978-1981 1981: Soyuz 40 192 hours
    Saudi Arabia Al-Saud, Prince Sultan 1985-1990 1985: STS 51G 168 hours
    Syria Faris, Muhammed 1985-1987 1987: Soyuz TM-3 192 hours
    Vietnam Tuan, Pham 1979-1982 1980: Soyuz 37 192 hours

    Last modified January 17, 2001 by Jennifer Bergman.

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