En Hedu' Anna
En Hedu' Anna lived in Babylon around 2354 B.C. Her father was Sargon who
created the Sargonian Dynasty of Babylon during that time. En Hedu' was the
chief priestess of the Moon Goddess of the city of Babylon. This was an
extremely powerful role, as the priestess was the only person who could name any
new ruler to the city.
Sumeria and Babylon were the first cities to establish
astronomy and mathematics. These disciplines were created and controlled by
the priests and priestesses of the cities. Therefore, En Hedu' was one of the
primary forerunners of astronomy and mathematics.
She, along with other priests, created several observatories inside religious
temples, with which to
view the stars and the moon. Maps were made of these celestial bodies'
movements. In addition, En Hedu' helped create one of the first religious
calendars, which is still used today in certain religions to celebrate Easter,
Passover, and other religious events.
En Hedu' was the first female name to be recorded in technical history.
Shop Windows to the Universe Science Store!
Our online store
includes issues of NESTA's quarterly journal, The Earth Scientist
, full of classroom activities on different topics in Earth and space science, as well as books
on science education!
You might also be interested in:
How did life evolve on Earth? The answer to this question can help us understand our past and prepare for our future. Although evolution provides credible and reliable answers, polls show that many people turn away from science, seeking other explanations with which they are more comfortable....more
Archimedes was a Greek mathematician and engineer who lived between 287-212 B.C. His greatest contributions are in the field of geometry, where he identified the relationship of a sphere and cylinder's...more
Aristotle was a Greek philosopher who lived between 384-322 B.C. He was one of the greatest thinkers of the world and his written works encompassed all major areas of thought: logic, science, metaphysics,...more
Democritus was a Greek philosopher who lived between 470-380 B.C. He developed the concept of the 'atom', Greek for 'indivisible'. Democritus believed that everything in the universe was composed of atoms,...more
Eratosthenes was an ancient Greek astronomer, geographer, and mathematician. He lived from 276 to 194 B.C. Eratosthenes is most famous for making the first accurate measurement of the circumference of...more
Plato was a Greek philosopher who lived between 427-327 B.C. In 387 B.C., he founded the Academy in Athens, a school which flourished for about 1,000 years and made many important scientific and mathematic...more
Ptolemy was a Greek astronomer who lived between 85-165 A.D. He put together his own ideas, those of Aristotle, and Hipparchus' system of epicycles and eccentric circles, to formulate the geocentric theory....more
Pythagoras was a Greek philosopher who lived between 580-520 B.C. He founded a philosophical and religious school in Croton, which made outstanding contributions to the field of mathematics. Pythagoras...more