The sketch above is based on a die for making helmet plates, found on the island of Oland.
It depicts the god Tyr holding a monster, the wolf Fenrir.
Click on image for full size
Sketch by Rei Inamoto.
In the early centuries after the birth of Christ, Tyr was not only the sky god but also the god of war in the Scandinavian pantheon. Warriors would put his initial on their weapons to give them help. Tyr was renowned for having
sacrificed one of his hands for the common good of the gods. In the land of the gods, named Asgard, there was a demonic wolf called Fenrir who was ceaselessly growing.
The beast was so huge and fierce that only Tyr dared to approach him.
The gods decided to bind him. A special chain, which could not be broken, was forged by skillful dwarfs. Unfortunately, the wolf refused to be bound unless one of the gods would put a hand in his mouth to demonstrate that the chain was harmless.
When Tyr offered his hand, the beast was disappointed to find out that the chain was unbreakable. The gods finally felt safer but Tyr lost his hand.
The role of Tyr as a Sky god was assumed by Odin around the eighth and ninth
Shop Windows to the Universe Science Store!
Our online store
includes issues of NESTA's quarterly journal, The Earth Scientist
, full of classroom activities on different topics in Earth and space science, ranging from seismology
, rocks and minerals
, and Earth system science
You might also be interested in:
There are people of different cultures and backgrounds who live in the Arctic region. Read on to learn more about two of these cultures. Inuit The Inuit are the native cultures that continue to live on...more
Ahsonnutli was the sky father and chief deity of the Navajo Indians. He created heaven, Earth, and the sky. Each of the four cardinal directions was supported by a giant. Each direction was also associated...more
Amphitrite was one of the fifty Nereids, the attendants of the sea-god Poseidon. Poseidon (Neptune) had fallen in love with Amphitrite after seeing her dancing on the island of Naxos. Amphitrite rejected...more
Aphrodite was the Greek goddess of love and beauty. She was known to the Romans as Venus. There were actually two different Aphrodites, one was the daughter of Uranus, the other the daughter of Zeus and...more
In Greek mythology, Apollo was the son of Jupiter(in Greek Zeus) and Leto (Letona). He was the god of the Sun, logic, and reason, and was also a fine musician and healer. Leto travelled all over Greece...more
According to an ancient Greek legend, the figure of a gigantic crab was placed in the nighttime sky by the goddess Hera to form the constellation Cancer. Hera was the jealous wife of the sky god, Zeus....more
In the Northern Hemisphere sky is the constellation Cepheus, king of Ethiopia, and that of his wife Cassiopeia. Cassiopeia claimed that she and her daughter Andromeda were more beautiful than the sea nymphs,...more