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Sin

Sin was the Sumerian Moon god. Sumerians were living more than three thousand years ago in Mesopotamia. He was worshipped in the city of Ur. The high priest of his temple, chosen from the royal family, was viewed as Sin's spouse. His parents were the air god Enlil and the grain goddess Ninlil.

The Moon god had several different names that referred to different phases of the Moon. Sin was born in the underworld where his father had been banished by the assembly of the gods. For this reason, Sumerians believed that an eclipse of the Moon was the result of the attack of demons against the Moon.

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Enlil

Enlil was the Sumerian god of Earth and air. Sumerians were living more than three thousand years ago. He was especially worshipped in the city of Nippur. Even though Enlil was "the Father of the Gods",...more

Ahsonnutli

Ahsonnutli was the sky father and chief god of the Navajo. He created heaven, Earth, and the sky. The four main directions are believed to be supported by giants. Each direction has a specific color: white-east;...more

Amphitrite

In Roman and Greek mythology, Amphitrite was a beautiful sea nymph. Poseidon (Neptune), who was the god of the sea and earthquakes, fell in love with her at first sight. Amphitrite did not respond to his...more

Aphrodite

Aphrodite was the Greek goddess of love and beauty. She was known to the Romans as Venus. To the perfection of her figure and the purity of her features she added an innocent grace. On her sweet face she...more

Apollo

In Greek mythology, Apollo was the son of Jupiter(in Greek Zeus) and Leto (Letona). He was the god of the Sun, logic, and reason, and was also a fine musician and healer. He was known as the god who could...more

Cancer

According to an ancient Greek legend, the figure of a gigantic crab was placed in the nighttime sky by the goddess Hera to form the constellation Cancer. Hera swore to kill Heracles, the most famous Greek...more

Cepheus

In the Northern Hemisphere sky is the constellation Cepheus, king of Ethiopia. His wife was Cassiopeia. Cassiopeia claimed that she and her daughter Andromeda were more beautiful than the sea nymphs, the...more

Windows to the Universe, a project of the National Earth Science Teachers Association, is sponsored in part by the National Science Foundation and NASA, our Founding Partners (the American Geophysical Union and American Geosciences Institute) as well as through Institutional, Contributing, and Affiliate Partners, individual memberships and generous donors. Thank you for your support! NASA AGU AGI NSF