In Hindu mythology, Sani was identified with the planet Saturn
. Sani's parents were the Sun god Surya
and Chhaya whose name means shade. Surya's wife could not tolerate the intense heat produced by her husband the Sun god. To protect herself,
she sent a shade to a husband in the form of a mistress whose name was Chhaya.
Sani was known as the evil-eyed one because his glance was extremely powerful and
could burn anything instantly.
For the Hindus, each planet was identified with a god.
They believed there were nine planets who formed a planetary council.
The planets were the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn, an
ascending node and a descending node. The ascending and
descending nodes, which are the invisible nodes of the Moon's orbit, were
considered important enough to be included in the planetary council.
Probably, Hindus did not know about Uranus and Neptune which cannot be detected
Hindus believed that the planets were able to affect the life
of the individual and the course of history. For this reason, they are especially worshipped in times of danger. In South India Sani, Ketu and Rahu ( as well as birds and frogs) are believed to be responsible for children's diseases.
Shop Windows to the Universe Science Store!
Our online store
includes issues of NESTA's quarterly journal, The Earth Scientist
, full of classroom activities on different topics in Earth and space science, ranging from seismology
, rocks and minerals
, and Earth system science
You might also be interested in:
Ahsonnutli was the sky father and chief god for the Navajo. He created heaven, Earth, and the sky. Each of the four directions, or cardinal points, are supported by a giant. Each direction is symbolized...more
Amphitrite was one of the sea-nymphs called the Nereids. One day the sea god Poseidon saw her dancing and fell desperately in love with her. He promptly asked her to marry him but unfortunately she refused....more
Aphrodite was the Greek goddess of love and beauty. She was known to the Romans as Venus. To the perfection of her figure and the purity of her features she added an innocent grace. On her sweet face she...more
In Greek mythology, Apollo was the son of Jupiter(in Greek Zeus) and Leto (Letona). He was the god of the Sun, logic, and reason, and was also a fine musician and healer. Leto travelled all over Greece...more
According to an ancient Greek legend, the figure of a gigantic crab was placed in the nighttime sky by the goddess Hera to form the constellation Cancer. Hera swore to kill Heracles, the most famous Greek...more
In the Northern Hemisphere sky is the constellation Cepheus, king of Ethiopia, and that of his wife Cassiopeia. Cassiopeia claimed that she and her daughter Andromeda were more beautiful than the sea nymphs,...more
According to Navajo mythology, the Milky Way was created by the mischievous behavior of the god, Coyote. When the world was created, the Holy People gathered around Black God to place the stars in the...more