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Hands On Mineral Identification helps you to identify over 14,500 minerals! By M. Darby Dyar, Ph.D. See our DVD collection.
Original Inca stonework at Cuzco, Peru.
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Image courtesy of Corel Corporation.

Pachamama

Incas of ancient Peru believed that Pachamama personified the Earth. Incas ruled Peru from about 1450 until 1532 when Spaniards conquered their territories. Pachamama and her husband Inti, the Sun god, were viewed as generous deities.

Incas used to offer llamas and other animals as sacrifices to the Earth goddess. According to an ancient legend, the first Incas had sacrificed a llama before entering their capital Cuzco. They entered the city with the lungs of the llama and the golden wedge that symbolize the Sun god Inti.

Pachamama continues to be worshipped today in Peru, where she has also been identified with the Virgin Mary by Indian Christians.

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Windows to the Universe, a project of the National Earth Science Teachers Association, is sponsored in part by the National Science Foundation and NASA, our Founding Partners (the American Geophysical Union and American Geosciences Institute) as well as through Institutional, Contributing, and Affiliate Partners, individual memberships and generous donors. Thank you for your support! NASA AGU AGI NSF