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This is a drawing of the transition from the atmosphere to the interior.
Click on image for full size
NASA

The Layers Inside of Jupiter

There is no surface to the giant planets, only a gradual change from the atmosphere, as shown in this drawing.

The gases which Jupiter is mostly made of change to liquid inside Jupiter, but the change is very slow. This means that the giant planets do not have real layers on the inside, as the earth-like planets do.

The liquid sections of Jupiter are the biggest parts of the planet and go down very deep (the liquid is not made of water!). The first liquid layer inside Jupiter, right under the atmosphere, is called the liquid hydrogen layer. Under the liquid hydrogen layer is a layer called the liquid metallic hydrogen layer.

At the deepest part of Jupiter is the core, which is probably the size of planet Earth.


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Windows to the Universe, a project of the National Earth Science Teachers Association, is sponsored in part is sponsored in part through grants from federal agencies (NASA and NOAA), and partnerships with affiliated organizations, including the American Geophysical Union, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Earth System Information Partnership, the American Meteorological Society, the National Center for Science Education, and TERC. The American Geophysical Union and the American Geosciences Institute are Windows to the Universe Founding Partners. NESTA welcomes new Institutional Affiliates in support of our ongoing programs, as well as collaborations on new projects. Contact NESTA for more information. NASA ESIP NCSE HHMI AGU AGI AMS NOAA