This schematic cut-away view of the components of Jupiter's ring system shows the geometry of the rings in relation to Jupiter and to the small inner satellites, which are the source of the dust which forms the rings.
Click on image for full size
Image courtesy of NASA/JPL.
Galileo Discovers Origin of Jupiter's Rings
News story originally written on September 21, 1998
Scientists recently discovered the origin of Jupiter's rings. With the help of the Galileo spacecraft, it has been deduced that the rings are made from dust and debris that was kicked off of the small moons
surrounding Jupiter when these moons
were struck by interplanetary meteroids, comets or asteroids.
Jupiter's diameter is approximately 86,000 miles (143,000
kilometers). The ring system begins about 55,000 miles (92,000
kilometers) from Jupiter's center and extends to about 150,000
miles (250,000 kilometers) from the planet. Jupiter's rings show no evidence of being made of ice crystals (like Saturn's rings). Jupiter's rings are made up of a main ring and an inner, cloud-like ring, called the halo. Galileo also revealed that there is an outer ring system called the gossamer rings. They are almost-tranparent rings embedded one within the other.
"Rings are important dynamical laboratories to look at the
processes that probably went on billions of years ago when the
Solar System was forming from a flattened disk of dust and gas," Cornell astronomer Joseph Burns explained. "I expect we will see similar processes at Saturn and the other giant planets," Burns said.
"For the first time we can see the gossamer-bound dust coming
off Amalthea and Thebe, and we now believe it is likely that the
main ring comes from Adrastea and Metis," Burns said. "The
structure of the gossamer rings was totally unexpected," Belton
added. "These images provide one of the most significant
discoveries of the entire Galileo imaging experiment."
Galileo has been orbiting Jupiter and its moons for 2 1/2 years, and is currently in the midst of a two-year extension, known as the Galileo Europa Mission.
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