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The Spring 2011 issue of The Earth Scientist is focused on modernizing seismology education. Thanks to IRIS, you can download this issue for free as a pdf. Print copies are available in our online store.
This is a drawing of Jupiter and its magnetosphere showing the magnetic field lines, the Io torus, and the plasmasheet (part of the plasmasphere)
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JPL

Torus

A satellite which has an atmosphere, such as Jupiter's moon Io, or even one with an icy surface which is exposed to energetic particles, such as Saturn's moon Rhea, will leave a cloud of particles behind as it orbits the planet. This cloud of particles is called a torus.

The torus is shown in yellow in this picture.

Eventually all the particles in the cloud will be turned to ions. The presence of ions cause a number of noticable effects in a magnetosphere:


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