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Our Glaciers: Then and Now activity kit helps you see the changes taking place in glaciers around the world. See all our activity kits and classroom activities.

Earth Statistics

Planetary Symbol: Surface Gravity: 9.78 m/s^2
Diameter: 12,753 km (7,926 miles) Rotation Period with respect to Sun (Length of Day): 24 hrs
Mass: 5.98x10^24 kilograms
(6.5e21 tons)
Rotation Period with respect to stars (Sidereal Day): 23 hrs 56 min
Density: 5,515 kg/m^3 Revolution Period about the Sun (Length of a Year): 365 days 5 hrs
Minimum Distance from Sun: 146 million km
(91 million miles)
Tilt of Axis: 23o 27"
Maximum Distance from Sun: 152 million km
(94.5 million miles)
Temperature: -89o C to 57.7o C
(-128o F to 136o F)
Orbital Semimajor Axis: 1.0 AU Average Surface Temperature (K): 287K
Satellites: 1 (the Moon)

Earth Image Archive

Comparative Planetary Statistics -- in table form

Comparative Orbital Statistics -- in table form

Earth's circumference, aphelion, perihelion, speed and more...

Last modified February 16, 2001 by Jennifer Bergman.

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Traveling Nitrogen Classroom Activity Kit

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What is the distance from the Earth to the Sun when the Earth is at perihelion and when it is at aphelion? At what month is the Earth closest to the Sun? What is the circumference of the Earth? How fast is the Earth moving about its axis; how about around the Sun?

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Windows to the Universe, a project of the National Earth Science Teachers Association, is sponsored in part by the National Science Foundation and NASA, our Founding Partners (the American Geophysical Union and American Geosciences Institute) as well as through Institutional, Contributing, and Affiliate Partners, individual memberships and generous donors. Thank you for your support! NASA AGU AGI NSF