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The Spring 2011 issue of The Earth Scientist is focused on modernizing seismology education. Thanks to IRIS, you can download this issue for free as a pdf. Print copies are available in our online store.

Missions to Earth

Mission Country Launch Date End Date Type Objectives

The Ocean Topography Experiment (TOPEX)/Poseidon USA and France 1992 ----- Orbiter Global sea level measurements with an unprecedented
accuracy
Geotail USA July 24, 1992 ----- Orbiter Study of the dynamics of the Earth's magnetotail
Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS) USA September 15, 1991 ----- Orbiter Measurements of energy inputs chemistry and dynamics
of the upper atmosphere and the coupling between the
and lower atmosphere
POLAR USA February 24, 1996 ----- Orbiter Study of the energetics of high latitude polar regions
and auroral imaging
WIND USA November 1, 1994 ----- Orbiter Study of energetic particle and magnetic field input
Fast Auroral SnapshoT (FAST) USA 1996 ----- Orbiter Study of plasma physics of the Earth's auroral regions
IMP-8 USA October 26, 1973 ----- Orbiter Measure the magnetic fields, plasma, and energetic
charged particles of the Earth's magnetosphere

An Overview of Space Exploration

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Windows to the Universe, a project of the National Earth Science Teachers Association, is sponsored in part is sponsored in part through grants from federal agencies (NASA and NOAA), and partnerships with affiliated organizations, including the American Geophysical Union, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Earth System Information Partnership, the American Meteorological Society, the National Center for Science Education, and TERC. The American Geophysical Union and the American Geosciences Institute are Windows to the Universe Founding Partners. NESTA welcomes new Institutional Affiliates in support of our ongoing programs, as well as collaborations on new projects. Contact NESTA for more information. NASA ESIP NCSE HHMI AGU AGI AMS NOAA