An Emperor Penguin dives into the ocean through a hole in the ice.
Click on image for full size
Image courtesy of Emily Stone, National Science Foundation
Life in the Polar Regions: Animals, Plants, and Others in Extreme Environments
All sorts of living things call Earth’s polar regions home – from tiny lichens of the Arctic tundra to huge blue whales swimming through the frigid waters of the Southern Ocean. Some animals are live near the poles during the warmer summers. Others live near the poles year-round.
The Arctic tundra is home to many different plants and animals. A large amount of the land in the north polar region is part of Earth’s tundra biome. South of the Arctic tundra, where temperatures are a little less cold, are the vast forests of conifer trees of the taiga biome. North of the Arctic tundra are polar bears and the unique marine life in the Arctic Ocean.
the continent of Antarctica
is in the south polar region
. Most of this land is covered with a thick layer of ice
. It is hard to find any living things in these ice-covered areas. Not many animals and plants can live there. There are many species of penguins
in the south polar region. Almost all animals in Antarctica find their food in the Southern Ocean
that surrounds the continent. There is lots of marine life in the Southern Ocean
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