This is a photo of McMurdo station in Antarctica. Sure is snowy there!
Click on image for full size
Image has been released into public domain (found on wikipedia.org).
Exploring the Poles
Polar exploration includes the exploration of the Arctic and the Antarctic. The Arctic
is the area around the Earth's north pole. Antarctica
is a continent that surrounds the South Pole.
When you think of exploring, you probably think of exploring a cave or exploring the deep ocean or exploring outer space. Humans have always wanted to explore to find out about things that weren't known!
In the past, many people wanted to explore the poles of the Earth to see what was there. These are hard places to get to because the weather is so cold and windy and because the oceans surrounding such places are not easy to cross. Much more exploration of the poles will happen in the future. Would you want to join such an group of explorers? Take a look at the links below to learn more:
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The Winter 2009 issue of The Earth Scientist
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What Will You Find There? If you travel to the South Pole, you will find the continent of Antarctica surrounded by the Southern Ocean. The geographic South Pole is marked by a large sign that scientists...more
The oceans that are in the polar regions are a bit different from other oceans on Earth. There is often sea ice at the surface, especially during the winter months. And those chilly waters are home to...more
Antarctica is the coldest place on Earth. It is even colder than the Arctic! Temperatures as low as -129 degrees F (-89 degrees C) have been recorded. Near the South Pole, the average temperature is only...more
Do you want to learn about how water moves through the Arctic Ocean? Then put your finger on the map on this page. Start on the blue line to the far left of the map. This is where water enters the Arctic...more
Have you ever played with a toy called a gyroscope? It spins around and around. Scientists use the similar word gyre to explain something that moves in a circle. There are gyres in the ocean that are huge...more
Earth has a magnetic field. If you imagine a gigantic bar magnet inside of Earth, you'll have a pretty good idea what Earth's magnetic field is shaped like. Of course, Earth DOESN'T have a giant bar magnet...more