McMurdo, Crary Lab center left, slope of Ob Hill in background. Photo taken in November 2003.
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Image has been released into public domain (found on wikipedia.org).
Exploration of the Poles of the Earth
Polar exploration includes the physical exploration of the Arctic
and the Antarctica
. The Arctic is the area around the Earth's north pole and includes parts of Canada, Greenland, Russia, the United States (Alaska), Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland and the Arctic Ocean. Antarctica is the southernmost continent or the area around the south pole.
Humans have always been driven to explore the unknown. Because of their extreme weather and dangerous oceans to cross, the polar regions of the Earth proved to be hard places to reach. Though exploration of these regions has been going on since B.C. times, it wasn't until the last 100 years that many remote places were reached. Obviously, much exploration and study is yet to be done as permanent living stations and expeditions continue into the 21st century.
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