Antarctic Exploration Highlights
||Event or Notable Happenings
||Carsten Borchgrevink and crew of the Southern Cross
||Built huts and became the first to winter over on the continent
||Led Nimrod expedition to the South Pole. Failed (by 180 km) to reach the geographic South Pole. This team became the first to reach the magnetic South Pole and cross the Trans-Antarctic mountain range.
||Mawson joined the British Antarctic Expedition led by Shackleton as a geologist. With fellow geologist, Edgeworth David, he was on the first ascent of Mount Erebus, the southernmost active volcano on Earth. He was also part of the team to reach the Magnetic South Pole first.
||Led the first successful Antarctic expedition to reach the South Pole
||Robert Falcon Scott
||He and his men were second in the race to reach the South Pole. They were beat by one month by Amundsen's group. Unfortunately, Scott and his men perished on their return trip from the South Pole. Because of this, Scott became one of the most famous, and tragic, heroes of the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration.
||Led famous Endurance expedition intending to cross Antarctica from the Weddell Sea south of the Atlantic, to the Ross Sea south of the Pacific, by way of the Pole. Ice closed in on the ship. Shackleton and five other men managed to cross 800 miles of treacherous seas in a small boat and reach the whaling station on South Georgia island, from where Shackleton organized a rescue operation to bring home the remaining men.
||Was with Shackleton and four other men while crossing 800 miles of treacherous seas in a small boat. He is credited with the feat of navigating the tiny boat through waters with 50-foot waves with a sextant and getting the boat to its destination of South Georgia Island.
||He wrote the book "Worst Journey in the World" which is a memoir of the 1910-1913 British expedition led by Scott to Antarctica. The book has become a classic and is praised for its frank observations of the difficulties faced by the expedition and the causes of its disastrous outcomes. Cherry-Garrard was a member of the expedition.
|November 29, 1929
||He and three other men flew the Floyd Bennett airplane to the South Pole and back in 18 hours, 41 minutes. This was the first flight to the South Pole.
||First to successfully fly across Antarctica
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The Spring 2010 issue of The Earth Scientist
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