This drawing shows the Earth's lithosphere (crust and upper mantle) on top of the asthenosphere.
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The Earth's Crust, Lithosphere and Asthenosphere
The crust is the upper layer of the Earth. Under the oceans it is only about 5 km thick while under the continents it can be up to 65 km thick.
The plates that fit like puzzle pieces around the Earth are made of Earth’s crust and the upper part of the mantle layer. Together the crust and upper mantle are called the lithosphere and they extend about 80 km deep.
These plates move a little bit each year as they slide on top of a layer in the mantle called the asthenosphere. This layer can be pushed and deformed like silly putty, flowing because of the warmth of the Earth. The flowing asthenosphere carries the lithosphere including the continents, plants, animals and you on its back. All this moving rock can cause earthquakes.
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