Deep underground, zones of metamorphism form around the hot magma of batholiths.
Rocks become metamorphosed when they are close to hot molten rock. This is called contact metamorphism.
Contact metamorphism can either happen deep underground or at the surface of the Earth. Underground, hot magma changes the rocks that are near it. Above ground, lava erupting from a volcano changes the rock that it erupts onto. The amount of rock that is changed depends on how much magma there is.
Metamorphism of rocks over very large areas is called regional metamorphism.
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The Fall 2010 issue of The Earth Scientist
, focuses on rocks and minerals, including articles on minerals and mining, the use of minerals in society, and rare earth minerals, and includes 3 posters!
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Pretend that you are an explorer traveling to the center of the Earth. You would find that the deeper you travel, the hotter it gets! Beneath the crust, in the mantle layer, it is hot enough that rock...more
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