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Dig into Montana Before History: 11K Years of Hunter-Gatherers in the Rockies and Plains by D. H. MacDonald, Ph.D. See our online store book collection.

ExploraTour: A Peek into the Lives of the Stars

(Click on the pictures to find out.)

What Happens to Stars About the Same Size as the Sun?

New Stars and Planets

Swells to Red Giant

Outer Layers Blow Off

White Dwarf Left

Cools to Black Dwarf

Shop Windows to the Universe Science Store!

Learn about Earth and space science, and have fun while doing it! The games section of our online store includes a climate change card game and the Traveling Nitrogen game!

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Cool It! Game

Check out our online store - minerals, fossils, books, activities, jewelry, and household items!...more

ExploraTour: A Peek into the Lives of the Stars

What Happens to Low Mass Stars (< 8 solar masses)? STAGE 1: Main Sequence A star's life begins when nuclear reactions start deep in the core. Hydrogen nuclei are fused to form a helium nucleus. Each helium...more

ExploraTour: A Peek into the Lives of the Stars

STAGE 4: White Dwarf When the fuel is used up, there is nothing to hold the star's layers up against gravity and the star begins to collapse. Gravity squeezes the star down into a very small size. As...more

ExploraTour: A Peek into the Lives of the Stars

STAGE 5: Black Dwarf White dwarfs are some of the hottest objects in the known universe with temperatures ranging from 30,000 K to 200,000 K. They continue to radiate their immense internal energy into...more

ExploraTour - Looking at the World in a Different Light

Even though the sleeping man is no longer on the bed, you can still see where he was lying down. The heat from his body warmed up the bed sheets which are now radiating infrared light toward your eyes....more

ExploraTour - Looking at the World in a Different Light

All warm objects radiate in the infrared. The warmer the object, the higher the frequency and intensity of the radiation. Very hot objects give off other types of radiation in addition to infrared. Click...more

Windows to the Universe, a project of the National Earth Science Teachers Association, is sponsored in part by the National Science Foundation and NASA, our Founding Partners (the American Geophysical Union and American Geosciences Institute) as well as through Institutional, Contributing, and Affiliate Partners, individual memberships and generous donors. Thank you for your support! NASA AGU AGI NSF